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Quantitative Analysis of Photosynthate Unloading in Developing Seeds of Phaseolus vulgaris L. : II. Pathway and Turgor Sensitivity



Quantitative Analysis of Photosynthate Unloading in Developing Seeds of Phaseolus vulgaris L. : II. Pathway and Turgor Sensitivity



Plant Physiology 99(2): 643-651



Phloem import and unloading in perfused bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seed coats were investigated using steady-state labeling. Though photosynthate import and unloading were significantly reduced by perfusion, measurements of photosynthate fluxes in perfused seed coats proved useful for the study of unloading mechanisms in vivo. Phloem import was stimulated by lowered seed coat cell turgor, as demonstrated by an increase in tracer and sucrose import to seed coats perfused with high concentrations of an osmoticum. The partitioning of photosynthates between retention in the seed coat and release to the perfusion solution also was turgor sensitive; increases in seed coat cell turgor stimulated photosynthate release to the apoplast at the expense of photosynthate retention within the seed coat. There was no evidence of a turgor-sensitive sucrose uptake mechanism in perfused seed coats. Thus, the turgor sensitivity of photosynthate partitioning within perfused seed coats was consistent with a turgor-sensitive efflux control mechanism. Measurements of tracer equilibration and sugar partitioning in perfused seed coats provided strong evidence for symplastic phloem unloading in seed coats.

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Accession: 002472333

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 16668935

DOI: 10.1104/pp.99.2.643


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