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Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers readily distinguish cryptic mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae: Anopheles)

Wilkerson, R.C.; Parsons, T.J.; Albright, D.G.; Klein, T.A.; Braun, M.J.

Insect Molecular Biology 1(4): 205-211

1993


ISSN/ISBN: 0962-1075
PMID: 8269099
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2583.1993.tb00093.x
Accession: 002473395

The usefulness of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was examined as a potential tool to differentiate cryptic mosquito species. It proved to be a quick, effective means of finding genetic markers to separate two laboratory populations of morphologically indistinguishable African malaria vectors, Anopheles gambiae and An. arabiensis. In an initial screening of fifty-seven RAPD primers, 377 bands were produced, 295 of which differed between the two species. Based on criteria of interpretability, simplicity and reproducibility, thirteen primers were chosen for further screening using DNA from thirty individuals of each species. Seven primers produced diagnostic bands, five of which are described here. Some problematic characteristics of RAPD banding patterns are discussed and approaches to overcome these are suggested.

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