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Regulation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins in transgenic mice with altered expression of growth hormone and IGF-I

, : Regulation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding proteins in transgenic mice with altered expression of growth hormone and IGF-I. Endocrinology 129(3): 1201-1206

The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are present in extracellular fluids bound to specific, high affinity IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). IGFBPs are believed to mediate IGF transport to tissues and to modulate their actions on target cells. To determine whether IGF-I can modulate IGFBP concentrations in blood and to distinguish the effects of IGF-I from those of somatotropin (GH), serum IGFBP concentration was assessed in 4 genotypically distinct groups of sibling transgenic mice that differed in respect to their expression of IGF-I and GH. This unique physiological situation was created by crossing IGF-I transgenic mice to GH-deficient, dwarf mice in whom somatotrophs were genetically ablated by the expression of a diphtheria toxin transgene in the somatotrophs. Because both transgenic mouse lines were hemizygous for their respective transgene, progeny of the cross differed genotypically, according to whether or not they carried one or both transgenes, and phenotypically in regard to their relative expression of IGF-I and GH. GH-deficient mice showed a 15.7-fold decrease in serum IGF-I and a 5.5-fold decrease in serum IGFBP-3, but no change in a serum doublet band of 29 000 to 34 000 Mr, as assessed by ligand blotting. When IGF-I was expressed in the GH-deficient mice, serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were 69 and 64% of those in normal sera, resp. The 29 000 to 34 000 Mr doublet bands also increased. The ternary 150 kDa IGF-IGFBP complex, however, was not restored, presumably because IGF-I has no influence on the expression of the acid-labile subunit in this complex. In mice with IGF-I overexpression, serum IGFBP-3 was increased 2.1-fold and the sum of the 29 000 to 34 000 doublet bands was increased 2.9-fold. Immunoblotting showed that the changes in the 29 000 to 34 000 Mr forms observed by ligand blotting appeared to be predominantly due to changes in IGFBP-2. The results show that IGF-I can induce IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-2 independently of GH and that IGF-I is a major controller of these binding proteins.

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Accession: 002477156

PMID: 1714829

DOI: 10.1210/endo-129-3-1201

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