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Regulation of vitellogenin synthesis by juvenile hormone in the corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea


Invertebrate Reproduction & Development 21(3): 169-178
Regulation of vitellogenin synthesis by juvenile hormone in the corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea
In the corn earworm Helicoverpa zea yolk deposition in oocytes begins 8-10 h after adult eclosion and is controlled by juvenile hormone (JH). Hemolymph from females at the time of yolk formation, analyzed by SDS-PAGE, contains polypeptides apparently identical to polypeptides from eggs; and these have been tentatively designated as apovitellogenins (apoVgs). ApoVgs were not found in male hemolymph. The hormonal control of production of the apoVg with an apparent molecular weight of 165 kDa (apoVg-I) was studied by SDS-PAGE. Decapitation of females immediately after eclosion did not prevent the appearance of apoVg-I whereas the same operation done 5-7 h prior to eclosion abolished its production. Treatment of the latter group of females with methoprene, a JH analogue, restored production of apoVg-I whereas injection of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20-HE) did not. When pharate adults were kept at 10 degree C from 10-12 h before the time of their anticipated eclosion, eclosion was delayed for 4-7 d. In such females, maintained at the same temperature, apoVg-I appered only on day 3, and its appearance could be accelerated by two days with methoprene treatment immediately after eclosion. Decapitation of chilled females just after eclosion prevented the appearance of apoVg-I even after 16 d at 10 degree C. Likewise, Vg was absent in chilled females decapitated after eclosion and then maintained at room temperature. Methoprene induced apoVg-I production one day after treatment in chilled decapitated females maintained after eclosion either chilled or at room temperature. 20-HE had no effect on these females. Methoprene did not induce Vg in adult males. ApoVg-I of H. zea did not cross-react with Manduca sexta and Plodia interpunctella Vg antibodies. These results demonstrate that Vg synthesis in H. zea is regulated by JH.


Accession: 002477328

DOI: 10.1080/07924259.1992.9672235



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