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Regulations concerning mycotoxins in grain, seeds and their derivatives. Strategy and trends


, : Regulations concerning mycotoxins in grain, seeds and their derivatives. Strategy and trends. Recueil de Medecine Veterinaire 169(1): 29-35

This is a review for the continuing education of the veterinarian. It covers evaluation of the risks associated with mycotoxins (the effect level, the no-observed effect level, the acceptable daily intake, the maximum tolerated concn) and the regulations and recommendations for the maximum mycotoxin concn in cereals and their derivatives for both animal and human consumption. In European Community countries the regulations for animal feeds apply only to aflatoxin B1 and ergot.


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Related references

L.Bars, J., 1993: Regulations concerning mycotoxins in grain, seeds and their derivatives Strategy and tendencies. Recueil de Medecine Veterinaire de l'Ecole d'Alfort 169(1): 29-35

Chełkowski, J.; Trojanowska, K.; Wiewiórowska, M., 1983: Mycotoxins in cereal grain. Part VIII. Microbiological evaluation of cereal grain quality, connected with mycotoxins occurrence. Four classes of microbiological quality of cereal grain are proposed, based on frequency of contamination of kernels with penicillia, aspergilli and phycomycetes. Grain lots contaminated with ochratoxins were usually of IIIrd and IVth class qualit...

Chelkowski, J.T.ojanowska, K.W.ewiorowska, M., 1983: Mycotoxins in cereal grain. VIII. Microbiological evaluation of cereal grain quality, connected with mycotoxins occurrence. Die Nahrung = Food7(4): 311-318

Chełkowski, J.; Szebiotko, K.; Goliński, P.; Buchowski, M.; Godlewska, B.; Radomyska, W.; Wiewiórowska, M., 1982: Mycotoxins in cereal grain. Part 5. Changes of cereal grain biological value after ammoniation and mycotoxins (ochratoxins) inactivation. Ammoniation was proved to be a suitable detoxification procedure to remove toxicity of Aspergillus ochraceus mycotoxins (mainly ochratoxin A) from contaminated cereal grain (corn, wheat and barley). It was found that ammoniation should be performe...

Duvick, J.; Rood, T.; Maddox, J.; Gilliam, J., 1998: Detoxification of mycotoxins in planta as a strategy for improving grain quality and disease resistance: identification of fumonisin-degrading microbes from maize. Fumonisins are mycotoxins produced by Fusarium moniliforme [Gibberella fujikuroi] and several related species associated with ear moulds in maize. They consist of a long chain amine alcohol with 2 ester-linked tricarballylate groups, and their bio...

Chelkowski, J.; Szebiotko, K.; Golinski, P.; Buchowski, M.; Godlewska, B.; Radomyska, W.; Wiewiorowska M., 1982: Mycotoxins in cereal grain. 5. Changes of cereal grain biological value after ammoniation and mycotoxins (ochratoxins) inactivation. For part 4 see NAR/A 52, 3912. 5. Ammoniation was a suitable detoxification procedure to remove toxicity of Aspergillus ochraceus mycotoxins (mainly ochratoxin A) from contaminated cereal grain (wheat and barley). Ammoniation should be performed t...

Lechi, F., 1994: Problems and trends for milk and its derivatives as a consequence of recent EU agreements and regulations. Recent GATT agreements following the Uruguay Round, exhibiting trends towards both trade liberalization and protection in relation to countries outside the EU, and their impact on the dairy sector in Italy are discussed. The effect on milk product...

Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, J.; Golinski, P.; Chelkowski, J.; Szebiotko, K., 1985: Mycotoxins in cereal grain 11. simple multidetection procedure for determination of 11 mycotoxins in cereals. A simple method for the simultaneous detection of the 11 mycotoxin aflatoxins (B1, B2, G1, G2), ochratoxin A, zearalenone, sterigmatocystin, citrinin, penicillic acid, T-2 toxin and rubratoxin B is reported. The elaborated method was tested for al...

Grabarkiewicz-Szczesna, J.G.linski, P.C.elkowski, J.S.ebiotko, K., 1985: Mycotoxins in cereal grain. XI. Simple multidetection procedure for determination of 11 mycotoxins in cereals. Die Nahrung = Food9(3): 229-240

Chełkowski, J.; Goliński, P.; Godlewska, B.; Radomyska, W.; Szebiotko, K.; Wiewiórowska, M., 1981: Mycotoxins in cereal grain. Part IV. Inactivation of ochratoxin A and other mycotoxins during ammoniation. Addition of ammonia to final concentration 2% inactivates ochratoxin A, aflatoxin, citrinin, penicillic acid and partially zearalenon at temperature 20-50 degrees C. Detoxification of contaminated cereal grain (wheat, corn or barley) can be perfor...