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Relationship between corky root disease and yield of crisphead lettuce


, : Relationship between corky root disease and yield of crisphead lettuce. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 117(1): 54-58

The effects of corky root (CR) disease, caused by Rhizomonas suberifacienis(van Bruggen, Jochimsen, and Brown) on fresh and marketable weights of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) were assessed during the 1988 and 1989 cropping seasons in several commercial lettuce fields. The resistant crisphead cultivars Raleigh and South Bay and the susceptible cultivars Ithaca and Shawnee produced similar yields in fields either planted in lettuce for the first time or in continuous lettuce production for three cropping cycles. Average yields of the resistant cultivars, from two fields cropped for six cycles naturally infested with CR, ranged from 875 to 1062 g/head fresh weight and 674 to 907 g/head marketable weight. The average yields of the susceptible cultivars in these infested fields ranged from 419.8 to 668.7 g/head fresh weight (37% to 52% yield loss) and 317.5 to 488.2 g/head marketable weight (46% to 53% yield loss). CR severity ratings were highly negatively correlated with root dry matter accumulation and whole and marketable head weights of lettuce.

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