+ Site Statistics
+ Resolve Accession
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
Submit PDF Full TextSubmit PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Relationship between number of conditioning trials per training session and avoidance learning in horses

, : Relationship between number of conditioning trials per training session and avoidance learning in horses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 36(4): 291-299

Sxiteen horses were used to determine if number of trials given per training session (5, 10, 15 or 20) affected learning performance in an avoidance conditioning task. The horse had to move from one side of a test pen to the other during an auditory cue presentation to avoid aversive stimulation. A pen 8 m times 3.6 m, divided into two equal sections by a 13-cm diameter plastic pipe lying on the ground, was used as the test pen. Painted plywood panels were fastened to the fence in half the pen to help horses distinguish visually between the two parts. A 10-s auditory cue was used as a signal for horses to move from one side of the test pen to the other. A 20-s intertrial interval was used. Training sessions were conducted every third day. Each trial was recorded as an avoidance (the horse completed the task during auditory cue presentation and avoided aversive stimulus) or an error (the horse received aversive stimulus). After completing ten consecutive avoidances (criterion), the horse was removed from the study. Numbers of training sessions, trials, avoidances and errors until reaching criterion were recorded for each horse. Horses varied greatly within these variables with ranges of 3-18 sessions, 37-121 trials, 20-68 avoidances and 17-53 errors to criterion. No differences were detected (P gt 0.05) in the number of conditioning trials per training session (treatment) for the mean number of trials, avoidances or errors to criterion. Number of training sessions to criterion differed (P lt 0.01) among treatments, indicating that an optimum number of learning trials per training session might exist. Mean sessions to criterion for horses receiving 5, 10, 15 and 20 trials per session were 15.1 +- 1.3, 5.8 +- 1.1, 5.3 +- 1.1 and 4.6 +- 1.1, respectively. Regression analysis indicated that 16.2 trials per training session would minimize number of sessions to criterion. Although it is widely assumed that learning efficiency in horses is decreased when intense activity is concentrated into a small number of sessions, these results indicate that moderate repetition of training activities is needed for efficient learning.

Order PDF Full Text


Click here to order any other PDF Full Text

Accession: 002477894

DOI: 10.1016/0168-1591(93)90127-b

PDF Full Text: Relationship between number of conditioning trials per training session and avoidance learning in horses

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Other references

Davtian, A.M.; Tiratsuian, S.G.; Vardevanian, P.O., 1989: Physicochemical parameters of rat liver chromatin during nonhormonal induction. The changes of RNA-polymerase activity of hepatocytes nuclei, chromatin circular dichroism (CD) spectra and differential melting curves of hepatocytes of rats which were injected hydrocortisone or amino acid mixture intraperitoneally have been stu...

Silva, Káudia.M.M.N.; Coelho, B.G.P.; Junior, J.V.S.; Faria, L.F.M.; Dutra, L.; Alvarenga, Mília.; Roggini, R.; Echternach,, 2014: The footwear factory's assembly sector: opposing organizational structure and quality from the ergonomic work analysis. Data from 2006 indicated that Brazilian footwear leather industry was composed of approximately 9,488 formally registered establishments, considering the leather industry, footwear and leather goods. It was responsible for 211,582 people employed....

Oegema, T.R.; Carpenter, R.J.; Hofmeister, F.; Thompson, R.C., 1997: The interaction of the zone of calcified cartilage and subchondral bone in osteoarthritis. The zone of calcified cartilage (ZCC) forms an important interface between cartilage and bone for transmitting force, attaching cartilage to bone, and limiting diffusion from bone to the deeper layers of cartilage. The height of the ZCC is a relat...

Goulter, K. C., 1984: Chickpea (Cicer arietinum), a new host for Uromyces striatus. The occurrence of a race of U. striatus on this crop is noted from Qd. Cross inoculations indicated physiological specialization. Isolates from Cicer arietinum were also pathogenic to lucerne, while seedlings of Medicago lupulina showed resistance...

Verhoef, J., 1993: Selective decontamination of the digestive tract for the prevention of infection. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 3(2): 109-113

Szállási, A., 1994: The history of insulin. Orvosi Hetilap 135(32): 1764-1766

CLINCH, L., 1951: Orthodontics: dental development in children. British Medical Journal 1(4703): 406-409

Blahos, J.; Care, A.D.; Fox, J., 1983: The effects of betamethasone, low calcium and low phosphorus diets on growth in chicks. For up to 21 days 513 male chickens weighing about 64 to 74 g or 123 to 141 g initially were given a control diet with normal amounts of calcium and phosphorus or diets with Ca 1 or P 2.5 g/kg without or with betamethasone 25 mu g/kg bodyweight da...

Bissett D.L.; Chatterjee R.; Hannon D.P., 1990: Protective effect of topically applied anti oxidant plus anti inflammatory agent against uv radiation induced chronic skin damage in the hairless mouse. Photochemistry & Photobiology 51(SUPPL): 9S

HUNTER, R.C., 1954: Foreign body (light bulb) in the rectosigmoid colon. United States Armed Forces Medical Journal 5(7): 1058-1060