+ Site Statistics
+ Resolve Accession
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
Submit PDF Full TextSubmit PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Relationship between number of conditioning trials per training session and avoidance learning in horses

, : Relationship between number of conditioning trials per training session and avoidance learning in horses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 36(4): 291-299

Sxiteen horses were used to determine if number of trials given per training session (5, 10, 15 or 20) affected learning performance in an avoidance conditioning task. The horse had to move from one side of a test pen to the other during an auditory cue presentation to avoid aversive stimulation. A pen 8 m times 3.6 m, divided into two equal sections by a 13-cm diameter plastic pipe lying on the ground, was used as the test pen. Painted plywood panels were fastened to the fence in half the pen to help horses distinguish visually between the two parts. A 10-s auditory cue was used as a signal for horses to move from one side of the test pen to the other. A 20-s intertrial interval was used. Training sessions were conducted every third day. Each trial was recorded as an avoidance (the horse completed the task during auditory cue presentation and avoided aversive stimulus) or an error (the horse received aversive stimulus). After completing ten consecutive avoidances (criterion), the horse was removed from the study. Numbers of training sessions, trials, avoidances and errors until reaching criterion were recorded for each horse. Horses varied greatly within these variables with ranges of 3-18 sessions, 37-121 trials, 20-68 avoidances and 17-53 errors to criterion. No differences were detected (P gt 0.05) in the number of conditioning trials per training session (treatment) for the mean number of trials, avoidances or errors to criterion. Number of training sessions to criterion differed (P lt 0.01) among treatments, indicating that an optimum number of learning trials per training session might exist. Mean sessions to criterion for horses receiving 5, 10, 15 and 20 trials per session were 15.1 +- 1.3, 5.8 +- 1.1, 5.3 +- 1.1 and 4.6 +- 1.1, respectively. Regression analysis indicated that 16.2 trials per training session would minimize number of sessions to criterion. Although it is widely assumed that learning efficiency in horses is decreased when intense activity is concentrated into a small number of sessions, these results indicate that moderate repetition of training activities is needed for efficient learning.

Order PDF Full Text


Click here to order any other PDF Full Text

Accession: 002477894

DOI: 10.1016/0168-1591(93)90127-b

Download PDF Full Text: Relationship between number of conditioning trials per training session and avoidance learning in horses

Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:

Other references

Schweikardt, C., 2015: Autopsy issues in German Federal Republic transplantation legislation until 1997. This article analyzes the relevance of autopsy issues for German Federal Republic transplantation legislation until 1997 against the background of legal traditions and the distribution of constitutional legislative powers. It is based on Federal M...

Tang, X.; Tofangchi, A.; Anand, S.V.; Saif, T.A., 2015: A novel cell traction force microscopy to study multi-cellular system. Traction forces exerted by adherent cells on their microenvironment can mediate many critical cellular functions. Accurate quantification of these forces is essential for mechanistic understanding of mechanotransduction. However, most existing met...

Flock, E.; Bollman, J.L.; Hester, H.R.; Mann, F.C., 1937: Fatty livers in the goose produced by overfeeding. Studies were carried out on 35 geese over a period of 5 mos. Fatty livers were produced in some of the birds by forced feeding of a high carbohydrate diet, in others, spontaneously. The fatty livers were compared with normal livers as regards tota...

Shilova, E. I., 1951: Biological peculiarities of the subsoil. CR Acad Sci URSS NS: 78: 359-362

Somer, T.; Ditzel, J., 1981: Clinical and rheological studies in a patient with hyperviscosity syndrome due to Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. Bibliotheca Haematologica: 242-246

Kang, D.W.; Yoon, K.B.; Jang, Y.S.; Jahng, J.W.; Kim, D.G., 2001: A further evidence of enhanced neurobehavioral outputs by a mild level of repeated hypoxic stress in mice. We have previously observed that mild level (15%) of hypoxic stress in a repeated manner enhanced some immune and behavioral parameters of mice. An investigation to get further evidences of neurobehavioral en-hancement in the same stress model was...

Tcacenco, C.M.; Quina, F.H., 2007: Fusion-fission transport of probes and quenchers in microdomains of an amphiphilic ionene polyelectrolyte. In aqueous solution, amphiphilic ionenes such as the [3,22]-ionene spontaneously adopt globular conformations and form microdomains that are highly micelle-like, i.e. are capable of solubilizing organic molecules, binding and exchanging counterio...

Funasaka, Y.; Chakraborty, A.K.; Hayashi, Y.; Komoto, M.; Ohashi, A.; Nagahama, M.; Inoue, Y.; Pawelek, J.; Ichihashi, M., 1998: Modulation of melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor expression on normal human melanocytes: evidence for a regulatory role of ultraviolet B, interleukin-1alpha, interleukin-1beta, endothelin-1 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) receptor binding activity and melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1-R) gene expression on normal human melanocytes have been studied as responses to the effects of ultraviolet B (UVB), interleukin-1 (IL-1), endothelin-1...

Paju, S.; Chen, C.; Asikainen, S., 1998: Relationship between serotypeable and non-serotypeable Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans strains from the same subjects. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 98: 224-225

Yan, X-Mei.; Li, G-Qian., 2010: Expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and apoptosis in the brain of rats with repeated febrile seizures. To study the changes of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) following repeated febrile seizures in rats and its possible correlation with neurocyte apoptosis. Fifty-one male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned to three groups: nor...