Results at age 15 years from a half-diallel cross among 10 loblolly pines selected for resistance to fusiform rust (Cronartium quercuum f.sp. fusiforme)

Sluder, E.R.

Silvae Genetica 42(4/5): 223-230

1993


ISSN/ISBN: 0037-5349
Accession: 002482646

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Abstract
Ten Pinus taeda seed orchard clones selected for their high resistance to the southern fusiform rust fungus [C. fusiforme] were crossed in a half-diallel mating scheme. The resulting 45 crosses were outplanted in a progeny test in 1974 in Houston County, Georgia, an area of very high rust hazard. Fifteenth-year data showed that the 10 clones differed significantly in GCA for height and for percentage rust infection-free at age 15 or cumulative percentage rust-free to age 15. SCA of the 10 clones was similarly variable for rust-free percentage cumulative to age 15. Heritability of percentage rust-free was 0.69 based on 15th-year data and 0.52 based on cumulative records. Heritability of tree height was 0.48 on a family or 0.28 on an individual-tree basis. Five of the clones showed moderate resistance and the other 5 showed low resistance to rust, even though all had shown high resistance in earlier tests. Mortality percentages of trees with infected stems were not significantly correlated with stem infection percentages, suggesting little or no linkage between susceptibility to stem infection and tolerance of stem cankers. The 3 stages of selection produced a genetic gain of about 32%, i.e. 32% more trees were rust-free at age 15.