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Self-esteem, gender, and socioeconomic status: their relation to perceptions of constraint on leisure among adolescents



Self-esteem, gender, and socioeconomic status: their relation to perceptions of constraint on leisure among adolescents



Journal of Leisure Research 26(2): 99-118



This study was based upon a model of constraints on leisure originally proposed by Crawford and Godbey (1987), and elaborated upon recently by Crawford, Jackson, and Godbey (1991). The study sought to determine whether perceptions of intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints on leisure were related to self-esteem, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES). The sample consisted of 363 male and female grade 12 students from three high schools located in a suburb of Toronto, Canada.

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Accession: 002489804

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DOI: 10.1080/00222216.1994.11969948


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