EurekaMag
+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

Soil quality: attributes and relationship to alternative and sustainable agriculture


Soil quality: attributes and relationship to alternative and sustainable agriculture



American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 7(1-2): 5-11



DOI: 10.1017/s0889189300004367

Different chemical, physical and biological properties of a soil interact in complex ways that determine its potential fitness or capacity to produce healthy and nutritious crops. The integration of these properties and the resulting level of productivity often is referred to as "soil quality." Soil quality can be defined as an inherent attribute of a soil that is inferred from its specific characteristics and observations (e.g., compactability, erodibility, and fertility). The term also refers to the soil's structural integrity, which imparts resistance to erosion, and to the loss of plant nutrients and organic matter. Soil quality often is related to soil degradation, which can be defined as the time rate of change in soil quality. Soil quality should not be limited to soil productivity, but should encompass environmental quality, human and animal health, and food safety and quality. There is inadequate reliable information on how changes in soil quality directly affect food quality, or indirectly affect human and animal health. In characterizing soil quality, biological properties have received less emphasis than chemical and physical properties, because their effects are difficult to measure, predict, or quantify. Improved soil quality often is indicated by increased infiltration, aeration, macropores, aggregate size, aggregate stability, and soil organic matter, and by decreased bulk density, soil resistance, erosion, and nutrient runoff. These are useful, but future research should seek to identify and quantify reliable and meaningful biological/ecological indicators of soil quality, such as total species diversity or genetic diversity of beneficial soil microorganisms, insects, and animals. Because these biological/ecological indexes of soil quality are dynamic, they will require effective monitoring and assessment programs to develop appropriate databases for research and technology transfer. We need to know how such indexes are affected by management inputs, whether they can serve as early warning indicators of soil degradation, and how they relate to the sustainability of agricultural systems.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 002494868

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Indigenous African soil enrichment as a climate-smart sustainable agriculture alternative. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14(2): 71-76, 2016

Reversing agriculture from intensive to sustainable improves soil quality in a semiarid South Italian soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils 46(5): 481-489, 2010

Soil quality for sustainable agriculture. Green Farming: 5, 5-10, 2008

Soil quality-the key to a sustainable agriculture. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 7(1-2): 2-3, 1992

Towards New Soil Management Strategies for Improving Soil Quality and Ecosystem Services in Sustainable Agriculture: Editorial Overview. Sustainability 12(22): 9398, 2020

Soil quality monitoring for sustainable agriculture. Proceedings of the Fiftieth New Zealand Plant Protection Conference, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand, 18-21 August 1997: 520-528, 1997

Soil quality indices and sustainable agriculture. Pochvoznanie, Agrokhimiya i Ekologiya 36(4/6): 92-96, 2001

Managing soil quality for sustainable agriculture. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 53(4): 529-536, 2005

An assessment of alternative cotton fibre quality attributes and their relationship with yarn strength. Crop and Pasture Science 64(8): 750-762, 2013

Quality of soil and plant analyses in relation to sustainable agriculture. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 27(3-4): 277-288, 1996

Improving soil quality of sustainable agriculture production in Kuwait. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 27(3-4): 250, 1996

Derivation of soil quality indicators in the context of sustainable agriculture. Agrociencia Montecillo 36(5): 605-620, 2002

Quality of soil and plant analysis in relation to sustainable agriculture and environment. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 27(3-4): 191, 1996

Assessment of soil quality and strategies of land management for sustainable agriculture. Lin, C -Y, Hong, M -C Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station Special Publication; Recent advances in sustainable agricultural research and extension 16-33, 1995

Soil quality, sustainable agriculture and environmental security in central and eastern Europe. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 85(3): 776-778, 2003