The effect of live weight gain and live weight loss on body composition of merino wethers: chemical composition of the dissected components
Aziz, N.N.; Murray, D.M.; Ball, R.O.
Journal of Animal Science 70(11): 3412-3420
ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8812 PMID: 1459901 Accession: 002517492
Chemical composition of the dissected side parts and dissected side was measured during live weight gain (LWG) and live weight loss (LWL) to determine effects on the chemical composition of the dissected side parts. Thirty-five Merino wethers had ad libitum access to the experimental diet (17.23% CP and 12.09 MJ/kg of DE) to grow from 23.0 to 33.0 kg live weight and then were fed to lose a total of 10 kg in three periods of 25 d each at the rate of 133 g/d. Groups of five animals were slaughtered at live weights of 23.0, 26.3, 29.6, and 33.0 kg during LWG and 29.6 kg (first period), 26.3 kg (second period), and 23.0 kg (third period) during LWL. The greater dissected side weight in LWL animals than in LWG animals at 23.0 kg of live weight was due to the significantly greater chemical fat (P < .05) in the LWL animals than in the LWG animals at 23.0 kg. There were no significant differences between treatments in the protein and water weights in the dissected side. The general increase in the chemical fat in the dissected side of the LWL animals was due to the significant increase in the chemical fat in the muscle (P < .01) and bone (P < .01, 23.0 and 26.3 kg and P < .05, 29.6 kg) at each common slaughter weight and subcutaneous fat ( P < .05), intermuscular fat (P < .05) kidney and channel fat (P < .05), and total side fat (P < .01) at 23.0 kg. There were no significant differences between treatments in the protein and water weights of the separate dissected side parts except the higher protein weight (P < .05) of the bone in the LWL animals than in the LWG animals at 23.0 and 26.3 kg. Sheep after weight loss had more chemical fat and similar protein and water in their carcasses relative to normally growing animals at the same fleece-free empty body weight.