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The effect of polyamines on ethylene synthesis during normal and pollination-induced senescence of Petunia hybrida L. flowers



The effect of polyamines on ethylene synthesis during normal and pollination-induced senescence of Petunia hybrida L. flowers



Planta 188(4): 478-483



Senescence of Petunia hybrida L. flowers is accompanied by a climacteric pattern in ethylene production and a rapid decline in the levels of putrescine and spermidine during the preclimacteric phase. The decrease in spermidine is caused by the decline in the availability of putrescine which is initially synthesized from L-arginine via agmatine and N-carbamoylputrescine. Inhibition of putrescine and polyamine synthesis resulted in a rapid drop in the levels of putrescine and spermidine without resulting in a concomitant increase in ethylene production. These results indicate that polyamine synthesis is not involved in the control of ethylene synthesis through its effect on the availability of S-adenosylmethionine, and is confirmed by the results obtained with pollinated flowers. Treatment with polyamines may stimulate or suppress ethylene production in the corolla, depending on the concentrations applied. In unpollinated flowers the onset of the climacteric rise in ethylene production was accelerated after treatment with polyamines. However, in pollinated flowers this process was delayed as a result of treatment with low concentrations of polyamines. The effects of exogenous polyamines on ethylene production in both pollinated and unpollinated flowers indicate that ethylene synthesis in these flowers is not regulated by a feedback control mechanism. Although polyamines do not play a key role in the control of ethylene production during the early stages of senescence through their effect on the availability of S-adenosylmethionine, it appears that they play an important role in some of the other processes involved in senescence.

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Accession: 002517832

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24178378

DOI: 10.1007/BF00197038



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