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The optimal number of female flowers and the fruits-to-flowers ratio in plants under pollination and resources limitation



The optimal number of female flowers and the fruits-to-flowers ratio in plants under pollination and resources limitation



American Naturalist 135(2): 218-241



The role of surplus female parts in bisexual flowers and possible explanations for their abundance was examined using a mathematical model. Damage to young fruits is an important stimulus that increases the optimal number of female flowers and decreases the fruits-to-flowers ratio, including parental selection for seed or fruit quality. Short-term increases in pollination probability or resource level do not increase fruit production in plants where evolutionary equilibrium has been reached.

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Accession: 002525012

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DOI: 10.2307/2462239


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