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The use of cashew nut shell of caju (Anacardium occidentale) as an alternative molluscicide


, : The use of cashew nut shell of caju (Anacardium occidentale) as an alternative molluscicide. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo 34(5): 459-466

Bioassays using hexanolic extracts of nut shells of Anacardium occidentale, collected in Ceara, Brazil in 1972 (Sample 1) and 1987 (Sample 2) were undertaken with adult, snails and egg masses of Biomphalaria glabrata, B. tenagophila and B. straminea both in the laboratory and in the field. Non-extracted shells, 18.5 g, sample 1, were also tested with adult snails and egg masses of the 3 species. The toxicity of the extracts was tested with fish (Poecilia reticulata) and tadpoles.

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Related references

Sullivan J.T.; Richards C.S.; Lloyd H.A.; Krishna G., 1982: Anacardic acid molluscicide in cashew anacardium occidentale nut shell liquid. The components of anacardic acid (a mixture of 6-n-C15 alkylsalicylic acids whose side chains vary in degrees of unsaturation) were isolated by high pressure liquid chromatography from a crude extract of cashew nut shell, A. occidentale and tested...

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