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The use of elemental diets in radiation enteritis


, : The use of elemental diets in radiation enteritis. Uses of elemental diets in clinical situations: 121-134

Radiation enteritis is a progressive disease that is seen with increasing frequency with the utilization of supervoltage radiotherapy. Tissue damage and functional integrity follow a bimodal curve and usually return to normal within 2 weeks after cessation of therapy. Early effects include oedema, sloughing of the bowel wall and are often reversible. Chronic and irreversible effects include severe vasculitis and perivascular fibrosis.

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Related references

Younoszai, M.K., 1977: Growth in a teenage boy with granulomatous enteritis fed "elemental diets". American Journal of Diseases of Children 131(2): 235-236

Mansfield, J.C.; Giaffer, M.H.; Holdsworth, C.D., 1993: Polymeric vs. elemental diets in the treatment of active Crohn's disease: possible modes of action of elemental diets. Possible modes of action of elemental diets in the treatment of active Crohn's disease are reviewed. In this review, the term "elemental diet" refers exclusively to enteral liquid feeds in which nitrogen is present only as amino aci...

McArdle, A.H., 1993: Elemental diets and radiation injury: prophylactic and therapeutic considerations. Elemental diets and radiation injury are reviewed under the headings: enteroprotection by elemental diets; mechanisms of action of elemental diet; elemental diets and chronic radiation injury; and elemental diets and glutamine supplementation.

Ersin, S.; Tuncyurek, P.; Esassolak, M.; Alkanat, M.; Buke, C.; Yilmaz, M.; Telefoncu, A.; Kose, T., 2000: The prophylactic and therapeutic effects of glutamine- and arginine-enriched diets on radiation-induced enteritis in rats. Background: Recent studies indicated that glutamine and arginine support the mucosal barrier in several ways. This experimental study hypothesized that administration of glutamine- and arginine-enriched diets before abdominal radiation therapy wou...

Cosnes, J., 1991: Elemental, semi-elemental, polymeric diets. Choice, indications, rational use. In this review paper the main properties of elemental, semi-elemental and polymeric diets utilized in enteral nutrition are compared. The theoretical value of elemental diets (they do not require digestion) is upset by their effects on secretion....

Gleason W.A., 1987: Elemental diets in intractable diarrhea comparison of a whole protein elemental diet with an amino acid formula. Pediatric Research 21(4 PART 2): 268A

O'keefe, S.J.; Abou Assi, S.G.; Lee, R.B.; Anderson, F.P.; Choi, M.W., 2000: Elemental diets infused into the duodenum are more potent stimulants of pancreatic trypsin and lipase secretion than oral polymeric diets. Gastroenterology 118(4 Suppl 2 Part 1): AGA A774, April

Bozzetti, F., 2006: Elemental diets: are they "diets" or "drugs"?. Clinical Nutrition 25(4): 706-7; Author Reply 708-9

Nelson T.L.; Klein G.L.; Galant S.P., 1979: Severe eosinophilic gastro enteritis successfully treated with an elemental diet vivonex. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 63(3): 198

Layden T.; Rosenberg J.; Rosenberg I., 1974: Reversal of growth arrest in regional enteritis with parenteral alimentation and elemental diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 27(4): 432