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The use of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy in litter decomposition studies

, : The use of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy in litter decomposition studies. Annales des Sciences Forestieres (Paris) 49(5): 481-488

The biochemical nature of leaf litter is a key factor in regulation of its decomposition. Conventional wet chemical analysis of samples is destructive, time-consuming and expensive. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potentiality of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) for determining litter chemistry during the decomposition process using a wide range of species and decomposition stages. The litter of 8 species of evergreen and deciduous broad-leaved trees, conifers and shrubs were used in both laboratory and field experiments. Near-infrared reflectance measurements were made with an NIRS Systems 5000 spectrophotometer over the range 1100-2500 nm. Calibration samples were analysed for ash, carbon and nitrogen. Acid-detergent fiber (ADF) and acid-detergent lignin (ADL) were determined using Van Soest procedures. Stepwise regression (SR) calibrations and partial least squares (PLSR) calibrations were developed and compared as well as the effect of scatter correction. The PLS algorithm was used to create the predictive models using all the information in the spectrum to determine the chemical concentration. Using scatter correction always gave better results. Both regression methods provided acceptable validation statistics for C, N and ash. The PLSR had better prediction accuracy for ADF and ADL. For these two constituents, the improvement of SECV was 34 and 25%, respectively. Our results showed that NIRS is an effective tool to predict nitrogen, ash and proximate carbon fractions in decomposition studies and that PSLR method improves calibration compared with SR method.

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