EurekaMag.com logo
+ Translate

The use of soil in colliery spoil reclamation


, : The use of soil in colliery spoil reclamation. Soil Use & Management. 9(4): 148-152

Field trials measured the benefits of using soil in the reclamation of colliery spoil. Increasing the thickness of the soil cover increased grass yield, particularly on a site with potentially acidic spoil materials. Mixing soil with the underlying spoil increased slightly compared to using the same amount of soil as a cover. From these and earlier results, we conclude that: the use of soil as a cover is essential on sites with acidic, or potentially acidic, spoil; to be effective in the short-term, the thickness of soil can be as little as 15 cm; the use of soil on sites with non-acidic spoil is beneficial in terms of physical conditions, such as improved water-holding capacity and better root penetration; the benefits of incorporating the soil on such sites are probably insufficient to justify the additional effort involved.

Accession: 002530606

DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.1993.tb00945.x

Download PDF Full Text: The use of soil in colliery spoil reclamation


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Related references

Metcalfe, B., 1983: The use of consolidated sewage sludge as a soil substitute in colliery spoil reclamation. Data from field trials showed that the reclamation of colliery spoil tips using consolidated sewage sludges presents a feasible proposition provided that: (1) Pre-reclamation experiments are carried out to ensure that the sludge/spoil mixture does...

Metcalfe B.; Lavin J.C., 1991: Consolidated sewage sludge as soil substitute in colliery spoil reclamation. Hall, J E (Ed ) Alternative Uses For Sewage Sludge; Conference, York, England, Uk, September 5-7, 1989 Ix+387p Pergamon Press: Oxford, England, Uk; New York, New York, Usa Illus Maps 83-102

Rimmer D.L.; Gildon A., 1986: Reclamation of colliery spoil the effect of amendments and grass species on grass yield and soil development. Results are presented of a field trial in which various methods for the reclamation of coarse colliery waste were tested. The site was divided into three blocks and each block received a different level of deep cultivation, however, these treatmen...

Easton Groves J., 1978: Colliery spoil reclamation in South Africa. South African Journal Of Science: 266

Gemmell, R.P., 1981: The reclamation of acidic colliery spoil. II. The use of lime wastes. The effects of 3 different lime wastes at rates of 10-200 t/ha in combination with 45-220 kg superphosphate/ha on reclamation of acid mine spoil by (a) perennial ryegrass and (b) white clover were studied at Leigh and Coppull in N. England. All tr...

Bell F.G.; Bell A.W., 1992: Reclamation of colliery spoil heaps at Barnsley, Yorkshire. Abstracts - Geological Society of Australia 32: 279-280

Kent, M., 1982: Plant growth problems in colliery spoil reclamation - a review. Literature on physical, chemical and biological constraints to vegetation establishment on mine spoil in the UK is reviewed with emphasis on pyrites toxicity. Colonizing spp. considered include brown top, crown vetch, cocksfoot, meadow fescue, red...

Jochimsen, M.E.A., 1996: Reclamation of colliery mine spoil founded on natural succession. Reclamation of derelict land is of great concern for industrial countries. Technically produced and biologically inactive soils are called to be hostile to plants. Therefore, great effort is applied, in order to reintegrate them into the landscape...

Costigan, P.A.; Bradshaw, A.D.; Gemmell, R.P., 1981: The reclamation of acidic colliery spoil. I. Acid production potential. Chemical analyses of spoil from twenty sites showed a considerable range of variation in pyrite content and acid neutralizing capacity (calcium carbonate equivalent). The acid-producing behaviour of nine spoils was related to their iron pyrites co...

Kent, M., 1981: Regional assessment of plant growth problems for colliery spoil reclamation. The data on plant growth conditions collected for 34 sites in the Barnsley and South Yorkshire Areas of the National Coal Board are analysed using methods of ordination and numerical classification in order to display the regional variations of pl...