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Virulence plasmid pJM1 prevents the conjugal entry of plasmid DNA into the marine fish pathogen Vibrio anguillarum 775



Virulence plasmid pJM1 prevents the conjugal entry of plasmid DNA into the marine fish pathogen Vibrio anguillarum 775



Journal of General Microbiology 138(12): 2485-2490



Studies involving the introduction of cloned homologous genes into Vibrio anguillarum revealed that several plasmids could not be conjugally introduced into V. anguillarum 775(pJM1), but were transmissible to the pJM1-cured derivative H775-3. Recombinant pBR322 plasmids containing V. anguillarum genomic DNA inserts were mobilized from Escherichia coli donors, using pRK2013, into V. anguillarum H775-3 recipients at frequencies of 10(-6) to 10(-5) per recipient. When identical matings were performed with V. anguillarum 775(pJM1) recipients, the infrequent exconjugants recovered carried the pBR322-based plasmid but had lost the large virulence plasmid pJM1. Similar studies were carried out with plasmid RP4 and with recombinant derivatives of the closely related broad-host-range plasmid pRK290. While RP4 was transmissible from E. coli to V. anguillarum H775-3 at frequencies of 6.7 x 10(-2) per recipient, transmission to V. anguillarum 775(pJM1) recipients occurred at frequencies of only 2.5 x 10(-7). When pRK290 contained V. anguillarum DNA inserts, the only exconjugants recovered had lost pJM1, or contained pJM1 and a deletion derivative of the recombinant pRK290 plasmid where all of the DNA insert had been deleted. The use of Dam-, Dcm-, or EcoK- methylation-deficient E. coli donor strains failed to result in appreciable numbers of V. anguillarum 775(pJM1) exconjugants that contained the desired transferred plasmids. Following UV mutagenesis, a derivative of V. anguillarum 775(pJM1) was isolated that would accept conjugally transferred plasmid DNAs at frequencies similar to those observed when using V. anguillarum H775-3 recipients. These data suggest that virulence plasmid pJM1 mediates a restriction system that prevents conjugal transmission of plasmid DNA from E. coli donors into V. anguillarum 775(pJM1). This putative restriction system appears not to be directed towards Dam-, Dcm-, or EcoK-methylated DNA, and appears not to involve a Type II restriction endonuclease.

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Accession: 002544160

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PMID: 1336793

DOI: 10.1099/00221287-138-12-2485



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