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'Kokke kandu' - virus disease of cardamom and its management

, : 'Kokke kandu' - virus disease of cardamom and its management. Planters' Chronicle (January): 31-32

This new virus disease of cardamom is more destructive than other viruses affecting the crop, causing plantations in Karnataka to become economically unviable in 2 years. The disease is spread by aphids and is evident as clear lines on the leaf veins, reduction in size of tillers, panicles and fruits, and whorling of leaves and loosening of leaf sheaths. Measures to control disease spread in affected areas and to exclude infection from disease-free zones are indicated.

Accession: 002549503

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Related references

Govindaraju, C.; Venugopal, M.N.; Sudharashan, M.R., 1994: An appraisal of 'kokke-kandu' - a new viral disease of small cardamom and 'katte' (mosaic) disease in Karnataka. A new virus disease referred to as Kokke-kandu (hooked tiller), characterized by intraveinal clearing, rosetting of leaves, stunting and deformation of aerial parts has recently been found in some isolated parts of Karnataka and has more severe ef...

Venugopal, M.N., 1999: Natural disease escapes as sources of resistance against cardamom mosaic virus causing katte disease of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton). Sources of resistance to cardamom mosaic virus from South India were screened under greenhouse and field conditions.

Sarma, Y.R.; Anandaraj, M.; Venugopal, M.N., 2000: Present status and future strategies of disease management of black pepper, cardamom and large cardamom. In India the main diseases of Piper nigrum are foot rot (Phytophthora capsici), slow decline (Radopholus similis and Meloidogyne incognita), anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides [Glomerella cingulata]), stunted diseases (cucumber mosaic vir...

Selvakumaran, S.; David, B.V.; Kumaresan, D., 1997: Is the cardamom whitefly Kanakarajiella cardamomi (David and Subramaniam) a vector of nilgiri necrosis virus disease of cardamom Elettaria cardamomum Maton?. In laboratory studies, no transmission of nilgiri necrosis virus by Kanakarajiella cardamomi was observed after 120 days following feeding on virus-infected cardamoms for 24 and 48 h.

Siljo, A.; Bhat, A.I.; Biju, C.N., 2014: Detection of Cardamom mosaic virus and Banana bract mosaic virus in cardamom using SYBR Green based reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Cardamom being perennial, propagated vegetatively, detecting viruses in planting material is important to check the spread of viruses through infected material. Thus development of effective and sensitive assay for detection of viruses is need of...

Biju, C.N.; Siljo, A.; Bhat, A.I., 2010: Survey and RT-PCR Based Detection of Cardamom mosaic virus Affecting Small Cardamom in India. Mosaic or marble or katte disease caused by Cardamom mosaic virus (CdMV) is an important production constraint in all cardamom growing regions of the world. In the present study, 84 cardamom plantations in 44 locations of Karnataka and Kerala were...

Anonymous, 1986: 'Katte' disease of small cardamom and its management. Topics covered include geographical distribution (only in India), symptoms, losses caused, aetiology (viral), host range, transmission, and varietal resistance, and management of this disease of Elettaria cardamomum with recommendations for its co...

Ghosh, A.; Das, A.; Vijayanandraj, S.; Mandal, B., 2015: Cardamom Bushy Dwarf Virus Infection in Large Cardamom Alters Plant Selection Preference, Life Stages, and Fecundity of Aphid Vector, Micromyzus kalimpongensis (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Cardamom bushy dwarf virus (CBDV) causes foorkey disease of large cardamom (Ammomum subulatum Roxburgh) in the eastern sub-Himalayan mountains. Although the aphid Micromyzus kalimpongensis Basu (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is known as a vector of CBDV,...

Vijayan, A.K.; Abraham, S.M.; Thomas, J., 2006: Studies on root tip rot disease of small cardamom and its management. Incidence of root tip rot resulting in severe foliar yellowing of small cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) has become a wide spread disease in recent years. A detailed study was made on the isolation and identification of the causal organism, i...

Naidu, R.; Venugopal, M.N., 1989: Epidemiology of 'Katte' virus disease of small cardamom-II: foci of primary disease entry, patterns and gradients of disease entry and spread. Forty nurseries where Elettaria cardamomum had been raised through seed and voluntary seedlings and 22 plantations situated at 6-9 km from the source of inoculum were monitored in Karnataka, India. The study revealed that voluntary seedlings colle...