A specific oligonucleotide of the 5S rDNA spacer and species-specific elements identify symmetric somatic hybrids between Solanum tuberosum and S. pinnatisectum
Zanke, C.; Borisjuk, N.; Ruoss, B.; Schilde-Rentschler, L.; Ninnemann, H.; Hemleben, V.
Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 90(5): 720-726
The nucleotide sequences of the 5S rRNA genes (5S rDNA) of two Solanum tuberosum breeding lines (R1 and B15) and of the Mexican wild species S. pinnatisectum were determined and compared with each other and to the 5S rDNA of other Solanaceae species (Lycopersicon esculentum, Nicotiana rustica and Petunia hybrida). The 5S rDNA repeats of the Solanum species are 324-329 bp in length, and they exhibit 91-95% sequence identity. Sequence variability is mainly located in a short region of the spacer separating the 5S rRNA coding regions. A synthetic 28-mer oligonucleotide constructed according to this region can be used as a specific hybridization probe to distinguish symmetric somatic hybrids between S. tubersosum breeding line B15 and S. pinnatisectum produced by protoplast fusion. Interestingly, the two Solanum breeding lines R1 and B15 differ also in this spacer region.