Binding of saccharides to abrin-b isolated from Abrus precatorius seeds

Ohba, H.; Yamasaki, N.; Eguchi, K.; Funatsu, G.

Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 57(9): 1409-1413


ISSN/ISBN: 0916-8451
DOI: 10.1271/bbb.57.1409
Accession: 002569742

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The nature of the binding of saccharides to arbin-b, a toxic lectin isolated from Abrus precatorius seeds, was studied by equilibrium dialysis and fluorescence spectroscopy. Equilibrium dialysis data indicate that arbin-b has two saccharide-binding sites, a high affinity site (HA-site) and a low affinity site (LA-site), to which both galactopyranosides and N-acetylgalactosamine can bind. With excitation at 290 nm, arbin-b displayed a fluorescence spectrum with an emission maximum at 345 nm. Upon binding with specific saccharides, this spectrum shifted to a wavelength shorter by 5 nm, suggesting that saccharides bind to arbin-b in such a manner as to induce a change in the environment of the tryptophan residue or residues at or near the respective binding sites. From the variation of fluorescence at 320 nm with saccharide concentrations, the association constants for binding of saccharides to the respective sites were measured. The results suggest that the HA-site has a subsite favorable for saccharides having beta-1,4 linked galactopyranoside at the non-reducing end like lactose in addition to the galactose-recognition site, while the LA-site may not have such a subsite.