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Degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) by the lignin-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium

Applied and Environmental Microbiology 59(3): 756-762

Degradation of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) by the lignin-degrading basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium

Degradation of the BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, and p-xylenes) group of organopollutants by the white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium was studied. Our results show that the organism efficiently degrades all the BTEX components when these compounds are added either individually or as a composite mixture. Degradation was favored under nonligninolytic culture conditions in malt extract medium, in which extracellular lignin peroxidases (LIPs) and manganese-dependent peroxidases (MNPs) are not produced. The noninvolvement of LIPs and MNPs in BTEX degradation was also evident from in vitro studies using concentrated extracellular fluid containing LIPs and MNPs and from a comparison of the extents of BTEX degradation by the wild type and the per mutant, which lacks LIPs and MNPs. A substantially greater extent of degradation of all the BTEX compounds was observed in static than in shaken liquid cultures. Furthermore, the level of degradation was relatively higher at 25 than at 37 degrees C, but pH variations between 4.5 and 7.0 had little effect on the extent of degradation. Studies with uniformly ring-labeled [14C]benzene and [14C]toluene showed substantial mineralization of these compounds to 14CO2.

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Accession: 002590044

PMID: 8481002

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