+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Demographic and dietary profiles of high and low fat consumers in Australia

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 48(1): 26-32
Demographic and dietary profiles of high and low fat consumers in Australia
To determine the socio-demographic, attitudinal, and dietary correlates of high and low fat consumption in the community. The study was undertaken using a postal survey format. A questionnaire was sent for self completion to a randomised sample of the adult population of two Australian states. Adult participants were selected randomly from the Electoral Rolls of the states of Victoria and South Australia. As voting at elections is compulsory in Australia, these rolls contain the names of all Australian citizens over the age of 18 years. Altogether 3209 respondents completed the survey giving a response rate of 67%. Lower than average fat consumption was more common in women. Age was a significant factor only in men. Occupation was not related to lower than average fat consumption but manual work and low occupational prestige were linked to higher than average consumption in men. People with a history of conditions related to heart disease were more likely to be low consumers but medical history did not distinguish high from average consumers. Low fat consumption was linked to higher refined and natural sugar consumption and higher alcohol consumption, but protein and complex carbohydrate consumption did not vary with fat consumption. Low fat diets also had higher densities of fibre and most vitamins and minerals, the exceptions being retinol, zinc, and vitamin B12, nutrients generally linked to meat and dairy consumption. Of the latter, only the low zinc concentrations, which are already borderline in the community, pose a potential nutritional problem. This study showed very strong links between dietary fat intake and the intake of nearly all other nutrients in the diet. The results highlight the need to consider relationships between nutrients not only for purposes of nutrition education but also in relation to nutritional epidemiology studies.

Accession: 002590304

PMID: 8138764

DOI: 10.1136/jech.48.1.26

Related references

Demographic profiles of high school female consumers of cotton apparel in northwest Arkansas. Arkansas farm research Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station 37(5): 16, 1988

Dietary exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids of specific French adult sub-populations: high seafood consumers, high freshwater fish consumers and pregnant women. Science of the Total Environment 491-492: 170-175, 2014

Demographic Profiles, Mercury, Selenium, and Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Avid Seafood Consumers on Long Island, NY. Journal of Community Health 41(1): 165-173, 2016

Demographic and lifestyle characteristics of functional food consumers and dietary supplement users. British Journal of Nutrition 89(2): 273-281, 2003

Characterising lean, high-fat consumers Responses to an acute high and low-fat dietary challenge. International Journal of Obesity 27(Supplement 1): S136, May, 2003

How reliable are the consumers? Comparison of sensory profiles from consumers and experts. Food Quality And Preference: 3, 309-318, 2010

Australia - Consumers Health Forum of Australia: Enabling health service consumers to have an active role throughout the health system. World Hospitals and Health Services 50(3): 5-6, 2015

Genotoxicity profiles in exfoliated human mammary cells recovered from lactating mothers in Istanbul; relationship with demographic and dietary factors. Mutation Research 749(1-2): 17-22, 2013

Dietary patterns in high and low consumers of meat in a Swedish cohort study. Appetite 32(2): 191-206, 1999

Description of the profiles of high consumers of a central emergency hospital specializing in cardiology and implementation of a nurse's intervention to optimize the care pathway. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 25(4): 12-20, 2016