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Dietary medium-chain fatty acids raise and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids lower hepatic triacylglycerol synthesis in rats



Dietary medium-chain fatty acids raise and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids lower hepatic triacylglycerol synthesis in rats



Journal of Nutrition 125(10): 2449-2456



The hypothesis tested was that dietary medium-chain or (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, when compared with (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids, alter plasma triacylglycerol levels by affecting hepatic triacylglycerol synthesis as reflected by the activities of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase in liver. In two separate experiments rats were fed purified diets containing (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the form of corn oil and either (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the form of fish oil or medium-chain triacylglycerols (MCT). Consumption of MCT significantly raised plasma triacylglycerol concentrations, whereas fish oil feeding had a lowering effect compared with the corn oil-fed group. In individual rats, the hepatic triacylglycerol concentration was directly correlated with the plasma triacylglycerol concentration (r = 0.60, P < 0.001). The MCT oil diet vs. the corn oil diet markedly raised the activities of hepatic acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase. In the rats fed fish oil, the activities of fatty acid synthase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase were significantly reduced, whereas the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase was not affected relative to activities in rats fed corn oil. The activities of the three enzymes were directly correlated with plasma triacylglycerol concentrations in individual rats (r = 0.60-0.75, P < 0.001). The type of fat in the diet probably affects the rate of hepatic triacylglycerol synthesis which is an important determinant of plasma triacylglycerol concentrations. Reprinted by permission of the publisher.

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Accession: 002594341

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PMID: 7562078



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