EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,869,633
Abstracts:
29,686,251
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Effect of reduced water table and fertilizer levels on subirrigated tomato production



Effect of reduced water table and fertilizer levels on subirrigated tomato production



Applied engineering in agriculture 11(3): 385-388



Subirrigated fresh market tomato production in Florida uses raised, plastic-mulched beds and has traditionally used large amounts of water and fertilizer to ensure achieving targeted yield levels. Water table levels are typically maintained within 40 to 45 cm (16 to 18 in.) from the soil bed surface requiring continuous water application through lateral field ditches spaced 6 to 12 m (20 to 40 ft) apart. Field experiments were conducted for three spring growing seasons to test the impact of controlled water table positions using the fully enclosed subirrigation (FES) system and reduced fertilizer applications on fresh market tomato production. The experiment consisted of controlled water table level treatments of 45, 60, and 75 cm (18, 24, and 30 in.) and three fertilization rate combinations of 215,309, and 403 kg N ha-1 and 248,356, and 465 kg K ha-1 (192,276, and 360 lb N acre-1 and 221,318, and 415 lb K acre-1), respectively based on 6542 bed m ha-1] (8686 bed ft acre-1) conducted over three growing seasons. Fruit yield and quality were used to determine the impact of applied fertilizer rates and water table levels. Results show comparable seasonal production levels were achieved among fertilizer rates and water table levels with no significant interactions among treatments. Lower target water table levels used in combination with lower application rates of fertilizer had no detrimental effect on yield and reduced the potential for fertilizer to be leached by excessive rainfall.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 002604058

Download citation: RISBibTeXText



Related references

Subirrigated bell pepper production with reduced water table levels and fertilizer rates. Hortscience 30(4): 884, 1995

Subirrigated bell pepper production with reduced water table depths and N and K fertilizer rates. Soil & Crop Science Society of Florida Proceedings 61: 84-87, 2002

Automated control of water table levels for subirrigated tomato production using the fully enclosed seepage system. Hortscience 27(6): 643, 1992

Effect of water table depth and irrigation application method on water use for subirrigated fresh market tomato production in Florida. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation Ankeny 59(4): 149-153, 2004

Water table depth effect on water use and tuber yield for subirrigated caladium production. HortTechnology 12(4): 679-681, 2002

Effect of different moisture regimes and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of tomato grown over high water table. Indian J. Agron, 11: 185-8. bibl. 5, 1966

Water table observations on a subirrigated layered soil. Paper American Society of Agricultural Engineers: er 1989 (89-2134), 1989

Effect of water table depth on tomato production in a sandy loam soil under greenhouse conditions. Agronomia Tropical Maracay 2004; 53(4): 417-435, 2003

Effect of fertilizer levels on yield potential of pulses grown in quick succession with kharif rice under low water table conditions. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 27(2): 118-123, 1993

Tomato production in subirrigated systems. Acta Horticulturae (747): 441-445, 2007

Effect of water regime and fertilizer levels on the yield, quality and fruit size of winter-grown tomatoes. IV. Effect of water regime and PK on plant growth and tomato yield. Anales de Edafologia y Agrobiologia 38(3/4): 675-687, 1979

Effect of water regime and fertilizer levels on the yield, quality and fruit size of winter-grown tomatoes. III. Effects of irrigation on the tomato crop. Anales de Edafologia y Agrobiologia 38(1/2): 349-369, 1979

Production of cut-flowers on subirrigated mulched beds with a single pre-plant fertilizer application. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 1971 84: 403-407, 1972

Effect of NPKMg fertilizer treatment on wood density, cellulose content, and volume and dry matter production in middle-aged Scots pine on sites with a deep water table. Beitrage fur die Forstwirtschaft 18(3): 122-128, 1984