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Endogenous excretion and true absorption of cobalt as affected by the oral supply of cobalt

Endogenous excretion and true absorption of cobalt as affected by the oral supply of cobalt

Biological Trace Element Research 41(1-2): 175-189

At the end of a 49-d experiment with 32 growing male rats, a period of 8 d was used to determine endogenous excretion and true absorption as well as apparent absorption and retention of cobalt with the aid of the isotope dilution technique. For this purpose, a single im dose of 58Co was applied at d 35 of the experiment. After that, urine and feces were collected separately from d 8 to 15 after injection of the isotope. The specific cobalt activity of the liver was used as an endogenous reference source. The basal diet provided 5.9 ppb cobalt, the different treatment groups were obtained by supplementing the diet with 0, 10, 50, 250, or 1250 ppb cobalt. The different diets were offered from the beginning of the experiment. In the balance period, apparent and true absorption as well as fecal excretion behaved similar to cobalt intake, whereas urinary excretion increased more rapidly with increasing cobalt supply. Endogenous fecal excretion accounted for 3.5 ng Co/d in the groups fed the diets without and with 10 ppb cobalt. An increase was not observed until supplementing the diet with 50 ppb cobalt. This increase between 250 and 1250 ppb cobalt was higher than the corresponding increase in the dietary cobalt supply. This indicates that endogenous fecal excretion might be more important for homeostatic regulation at a higher dietary cobalt concentration. Endogenous renal excretion as calculated from the results of the isotope dilution technique showed a similar kind of response to increasing cobalt supply as endogenous fecal loss. Nevertheless, the elimination of excessive cobalt mainly took place by adjusting urinary excretion, whereas the variations in true absorption and endogenous fecal excretion had no quantitative importance.

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Accession: 002611544

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7946905

DOI: 10.1007/bf02917227

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