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International collaboration of CIAT (Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical) in cassava varietal improvement. I. Collection and utilization of basic germplasm materials and the establishment of varietal improvement scheme



International collaboration of CIAT (Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical) in cassava varietal improvement. I. Collection and utilization of basic germplasm materials and the establishment of varietal improvement scheme



Japanese Journal of Tropical Agriculture 39(1): 54-60



Cassava (Manihot esculenta) production has steadily increased in recent years, in Africa for human consumption and in Asia for processing. In the early 1970s, an international germplasm development programme with a global mandate was established at CIAT, Colombia, where cassava had originated and diversified, and another was established at IITA, Nigeria for African cassava. Since then, national cassava breeding programmes have been established and strengthened in many tropical countries.

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