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Kinetics of tomato golden mosaic virus DNA replication and coat protein promoter activity in Nicotiana tabacum protoplasts



Kinetics of tomato golden mosaic virus DNA replication and coat protein promoter activity in Nicotiana tabacum protoplasts



Virology 187(1): 1-9



We have analyzed the replication kinetics of the DNA A and DNA B genome components of the geminivirus tomato golden mosaic virus (TGMV) in protoplasts derived from Nicotiana tabacum suspension culture. In addition, the kinetics of TGMV coat protein promoter activity, as measured by expression of a beta-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter, have been examined. In our protoplast system, double-stranded DNA forms of both viral genome components appeared by 18 hr post-transfection, while single-stranded DNA accumulated to detectable levels after 18-24 hr. Expression of GUS from the TGMV coat protein promoter did not require viral DNA replication, nor was it dependent on expression of AL1, the only viral gene necessary for DNA replication. However, maximal expression was achieved following AL1-mediated replication of DNA A. GUS activity from replicating templates exceeded that from nonreplicating templates by 60- to 90-fold. Expression of the GUS reporter gene from nonreplicating viral DNA templates was similar to GUS expression from the 35S promoter of cauliflower mosaic virus in N. tabacum protoplasts.

Accession: 002646335

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1736521

DOI: 10.1016/0042-6822(92)90289-2

Download PDF Full Text: Kinetics of tomato golden mosaic virus DNA replication and coat protein promoter activity in Nicotiana tabacum protoplasts



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