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Physico-chemical and processing quality of four new mango hybrids in comparison to two commercial cultivars



Physico-chemical and processing quality of four new mango hybrids in comparison to two commercial cultivars



Journal of Food Science & Technology 31(5): 385-388



Four new mango hybrids, 'Arka Aruna (H-10)', 'Arka Puneet (H-13)', 'Arka Anmol (H-17-3)' and ('H-51)', developed at the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, were compared with two commercial cultivars, 'Alphonso' and 'Totapuri' to assess their physico-chemical and processing characteristics. 'Arka Puneet' and 'Arka Anmol' were very much comparable with 'Alphonso' with respect to fruit weight, volume, breadth, total soluble solids, pH, acidity, reducing sugars, total sugars, viscosity and quality of canned juice. Fruits of 'Arka Anmol' were slightly longer than 'Alphonso' and had lower firmness, whereas 'Arka Puneet' had good firmness at ripe condition. All hybrids gave marginally higher pulp yield and possessed lower peel, stone and fibre contents. Carotenoid contents of all hybrids were significantly lower than those of 'Alphonso', but higher than those of Totapuri', except in case of 'Arka Aruna'. Vitamin-C content was also significantly lower in all hybrids, except in 'H-51'. 'Arka Aruna' had higher fruit weight, volume, breadth and possessed lower fibre content, than all other hybrids and varieties. Both 'Arka Aruna' and 'H-51' were not suitable for canned juice preparation.

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