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Production of trichothecene mycotoxins by Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum on barley and wheat

Production of trichothecene mycotoxins by Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum on barley and wheat

Mycopathologia 128(1): 19-23

Wheat cultivars (Stoa, MN87150, SuMai-3, YMI-6, Wheaton) and barley cultivars (Robust, Excel, Chevron, M69) were inoculated in the field with isolates of Fusarium graminearum and F. culmorum. The diseased (Fusarium head blight) kernels were analyzed for deoxynivalenol (DON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON) and nivalenol (MV). F. culmorum produced all three trichothecenes on all cultivars tested whereas F. graminearum only produced DON and 15-ADON. There was no well defined correlation between DON production in the host and resistance although the data tended to favor SuMai-3 as having definitive resistance to both F. graminearum and F. culmorum.

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Accession: 002678619

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PMID: 7708088

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