Quantitative renal scintigraphic determination of effective renal plasma flow in dogs with normal and abnormal renal function, using 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine
Itkin, R.J.; Krawiec, D.R.; Twardock, A.R.; Gelberg, H.B.
American Journal of Veterinary Research 55(12): 1660-1665
ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9645 PMID: 7887507 Accession: 002681653
Effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) was evaluated, using the measurement of p-aminohippurate clearance (CLPAH) and quantitative renal scintigraphy (QRS) with 99mTc-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (99mTc-MAG3). The CLPAH and QRS determinations were made in 6 dogs: 2 determinations for each dog before, and 1 determination after induction of renal failure by administration of amphotericin B. Least-squares regression analysis was used to derive an equation to estimate ERPF from QRS data. The results indicated that QRS, using 99mTc-MAG3, correlated reasonably well (r = 0.82, P < 0.001) with ERPF determined from the CLPAH value. The right kidney contributed 53.3% of global ERPF (P = 0.002). Hepatobiliary excretion of 99mTc-MAG3 was variable within each dog. There was not a consistent pattern with respect to time or renal function. All dogs had nausea or emesis, or both, after IV administration of 99mTc-MAG3. The QRS method with 99mTc-MAG3 provides an adequate means to estimate ERPF in healthy dogs and dogs with renal failure.