Tansley review no. 69. The biology of myco-heterotrophic ('saprophytic') plants
New Phytologist 127(2): 171-216
The biology of myco-heterotrophic plants is reviewed under the headings: taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships, distribution patterns, habitats, embryology, characteristics of seeds, mycorrhizal infection, morphologies of roots, characteristics of shoots, carbon assimilation and storage by myco-heterotrophic plants, reproduction, mutualism or parasitism and future directions for research in myco-heterotrophic plants.