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The Nir1 locus in barley is tightly linked to the nitrite reductase apoprotein gene Nii


Molecular and general genetics: MGG0, 247(5): 579-582
The Nir1 locus in barley is tightly linked to the nitrite reductase apoprotein gene Nii
PBNiR1, a cDNA clone encoding part of the barley nitrite reductase apoprotein, was isolated from a barley (cv. Maris Mink) leaf cDNA library using the 1.85 kb insert of the maize nitrite reductase cDNA clone pCIB808 as a heterologous probe. The cDNA insert of pBNiR1 is 503 bp in length. The nucleotide coding sequence could be aligned with the 3' end of other higher plant nitrite reductase apoprotein cDNA sequences but diverges in the 3' untranslated region. The whole-plant barley mutant STA3999, previously isolated from the cultivar Tweed, accumulates nitrite after nitrate treatment in the light, has very much lowered levels of nitrite reductase activity and lacks detectable nitrite reductase cross-reacting material due to a recessive mutation in a single nuclear gene which we have designated Nir1. STA3999 has the characteristics expected of a nitrite reductase apoprotein gene mutant. Here we have used pBNiR1 in RFLP analysis to determine whether the mutation carried by STA3999 is linked to the nitrite reductase apoprotein gene locus Nii. An RFLP was identified between the wild-type barley cultivars Tweed (major hybridising band of 11.5 kb) and Golden Promise (major hybridising band of 7.5 kb) when DraI-digested DNA was probed with the insert from the partial barley nitrite reductase cDNA clone, pBNiR1. DraI-digested DNA from the mutant STA3999 also exhibited a major hybridising band of 11.5 kb after hybridisation with the insert from pBNiR1. F1 progeny derived from the cross between the cultivar Golden Promise and the homozygous nir1 mutant STA3999 were heterozygous for these bands as anticipated. Co-segregation of the Tweed RFLP band of 11.5 kb and the mutant phenotype (leaf nitrite accumulation after nitrate treatment/loss of detectable nitrite reductase cross-reacting material at Mr 63000) was scored in an F2 population of 312 plants derived from the cross between the cultivar Golden Promise and the homozygous mutant STA3999. The Tweed RFLP band of 11.5 kb and the mutant phenotype showed strict co-segregation (in approximately one quarter (84) of the 312 F2 plants examined). Only those F2 individuals heterozygous for the RFLP pattern gave rise to F3 progeny which segregated for the mutant phenotype. We conclude that the nir1locus and the nitrite reductase apoprotein gene Nii are very tightly linked.

Accession: 002709243

PMID: 7603437

DOI: 10.1007/bf00290349

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