EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
52,725,316
Abstracts:
28,411,598
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

A longitudinal study of the dietary practices of black and white girls 9 and 10 years old at enrollment: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study






Journal of Adolescent Health 20(1): 27-37

A longitudinal study of the dietary practices of black and white girls 9 and 10 years old at enrollment: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study

This investigation was part of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Growth and Health Study; a longitudinal study of preadolescent girls designed to examine the factors associated with development of obesity, and its later effects on cardiovascular risk factors. 1213 black and 1166 white girls (9-10 years old) were recruited at clinical sites in Berkeley, California; Cincinnati, Ohio and Washington, DC, USA. The frequency with which they engaged in eating practices commonly targeted for modification in weight reduction programmes was determined. Racial differences were examined in 11 "weight-related" eating practices such as eating with television, eating while doing homework and missing meals. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted for each of the dependent variables. Black girls were more than twice as likely as white girls to frequently engage in the targeted weight-related eating practices. The odds of a girl frequently engaging in most of these eating practices decreased with an increase in parents' income and education level. However, even when controlling for socioeconomic and demographic effects, black girls remained more likely to engage in these eating practices than white girls. For most of the behaviours, girls who frequently practiced a behaviour had higher energy intakes compared to those who practiced it infrequently. It is concluded that early education programmes may be necessary to promote good eating habits. Since it appears that black girls have a higher risk of developing adverse weight-related eating practices, culturally appropriate education materials may be required.

Accession: 002738081

PMID: 9007656

DOI: 10.1016/S1054-139X(96)00176-0

Download PDF Full Text: A longitudinal study of the dietary practices of black and white girls 9 and 10 years old at enrollment: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study



Related references

Brown, K.M.; McMahon, R.P.; Biro, F.M.; Crawford, P.; Schreiber, G.B.; Similo, S.L.; Waclawiw, M.; Striegel-Moore, R., 1998: Changes in self-esteem in black and white girls between the ages of 9 and 14 years. The NHLBI Growth and Health Study. We examined changes in self-esteem and feelings of competence with physical appearance and social acceptance over approximately 5 years in 1166 white and 1213 black girls, aged 9 and 10 years at baseline. Maturation stage and body mass index (BMI)...

Kronsberg, S.S.; Obarzanek, E.; Affenito, S.G.; Crawford, P.B.; Sabry, Z.I.; Schmidt, M.; Striegel-Moore, R.; Kimm, S.Y.S.; Barton, B.A., 2003: Macronutrient intake of black and white adolescent girls over 10 years: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study. Age-related changes in macronutrient and cholesterol intake in black and white adolescent girls were examined. Sound nutrition in childhood and adolescence is essential both to achieve full growth and optimal health and to prevent chronic diseases...

Simon, J.A.; Morrison, J.A.; Similo, S.L.; McMahon, R.P.; Schreiber, G.B., 1995: Correlates of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in Black girls and White girls: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study. To determine the correlates of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in 9- and 10-year-old girls, data were examined from 624 Black girls and 773 White girls. Black girls had, on average, 3.6 mg/dL higher levels than White girls. Each...

Kimm, S.Y.; Barton, B.A.; Berhane, K.; Ross, J.W.; Payne, G.H.; Schreiber, G.B., 1997: Self-esteem and adiposity in black and white girls: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study. Purpose: Obesity is assumed to have a negative impact on self-esteem because of the associated social stigmatization in Western society. Studies of the psychological effect of obesity in children are inconclusive and limited, particularly pertaini...

Patterson, M.L.; Stern, S.; Crawford, P.B.; McMahon, R.P.; Similo, S.L.; Schreiber, G.B.; Morrison, J.A.; Waclawiw, M.A., 1997: Sociodemographic factors and obesity in preadolescent black and white girls: NHLBI's Growth and Health Study. The association of sociodemographic and family composition data with obesity was studied in 1213 black and 1166 white girls, ages 9 and 10, enrolled in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Growth and Health Study. Obesity was defin...

Striegel-Moore, R.H.; Schreiber, G.B.; Lo, A.; Crawford, P.; Obarzanek, E.; Rodin, J., 1999: Eating disorder symptoms in a cohort of 11 to 16-year-old black and white girls: the NHLBI growth and health study. This study sought to provide reference data for the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) with use of young adolescent black and white girls. Moreover, the study examined the relationship between race, age, socioeconomic status, and adiposity and each o...

Striegel Moore, R.H.; Schreiber, G.B.; Lo, A.; Crawford, P.; Obarzanek, E.; Rodin, J., 2000: Eating disorder symptoms in a cohort of 11 to 16-year-old black and white girls: The NHLBI growth and health study. Objective: This study sought to provide reference data for the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) with use of young adolescent black and white girls. Moreover, the study examined the relationship between race, age, socioeconomic status, and adiposity...

Morrison, John, A., 1992: Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors in black and white girls: the NHLBI Growth and Health Study. Objectives: Obesity may be a possible explanation for the higher cardiovascular disease mortality in Black women compared with White women. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study (NGHS) is designed to assess factors...

Brown, K.M.; Schreiber, G.B.; McMahon, R.P.; Crawford, P.; Ghee, K.L., 1995: Maternal influences on body satisfaction in Black and White girls aged 9 and 10: The NHLBI Growth and Health Study (NGHS). Obesity, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is more prevalent in the U.S. among Black than White women. Tolerance for obesity may be learned in childhood before weight gain begins. Greater tolerance for or approval of heavy daugh...

Anon, 1990: Cardiovascular disease risk factors in young black and white girls nhlbi growth and health study nghs. Circulation 81(2): 716