EurekaMag.com logo
+ Translate

Bayesian estimation of relative risk in biomedical research


, : Bayesian estimation of relative risk in biomedical research. Environmetrics 8(2): 133-143

The relative risk is an important parameter in certain epidemiological studies. It is given by the ratio of the rates of developing a certain disease between the exposed and the control group. This paper deals with the Bayesian estimation of the relative risk using: (a) uniform (0,1) priors; (b) restricted uniform priors; (c) beta priors. The appropriateness of such priors is discussed in the medical setting and analytical expressions are obtained for the distributions of the relative risk in the above three cases. Data taken from the Air Force Health study are analysed and 95 per cent confidence limits are presented for the three types of priors. Finally, for the Bayesian intervals, the estimated probabilities that the relative risk is greater than 1 are exhibited.

Accession: 002763172

DOI: 10.1002/(sici)1099-095x(199703)8:2<133::aid-env243>3.0.co;2-h

Download PDF Full Text: Bayesian estimation of relative risk in biomedical research


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Related references

Oikonomou, V.P.; Fotiadis, D.I., 2007: A Bayesian approach for the estimation of AR coefficients from noisy biomedical data. In this paper we study the identification of AR parameters in a biomedical signal corrupted by additive white gaussian noise. The identification of AR parameter is treated as a signal estimation problem, whose aim is to obtain an estimate of the c...

Boelter, F.W.; Xia, Y.; Persky, J.D., 2016: A Bayesian Model and Stochastic Exposure (Dose) Estimation for Relative Exposure Risk Comparison Involving Asbestos-Containing Dropped Ceiling Panel Installation and Maintenance Tasks. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Assessing exposures to hazards in order to characterize risk is at the core of occupational hygiene. Our study examined dropped ceiling systems commonly used in schools and commercial buildings and lay-in ceil...

Ejigou, A.; McHugh, R., 1977: Estimation of relative risk from matched pairs in epidemiologic research. The matched pairs design is often used in epidemiologic research, both in prospective and retrospective studies. The Kraus estimator of relative risk (1958) has been derived in a number of ways. The development presented here employs an unconditio...

Alamo Santana, F.; Vázquez Polo, F.José.; Rodríguez Pérez, Jé.Carlos., 2002: Biomedical research tools: Bayesian perspective (II). Medicina Clinica 119(7): 269-272

Alamo Santana, F.; Vázquez Polo, F.José.; Rodríguez Pérez, Jé.Carlos., 2002: Biomedical research tools: Bayesian perspective (I). Medicina Clinica 119(7): 265-268

Morris, J.S.; Baggerly, K.A.; Coombes, K.R., 2003: Bayesian Shrinkage Estimation of the Relative Abundance of mRNA Transcripts Using SAGE. Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) is a technology for quantifying gene expression in biological tissue that yields count data that can be modeled by a multinomial distribution with two characteristics: skewness in the relative frequencies...

Morris, J.S.; Baggerly, K.A.; Coombes, K.R., 2003: Bayesian shrinkage estimation of the relative abundance of mRNA transcripts using SAGE. Serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) is a technology for quantifying gene expression in biological tissue that yields count data that can be modeled by a multinomial distribution with two characteristics: skewness in the relative frequencies...

Bursaux, E., 1997: Malaria research: a poor relative of biomedical research. Malaria research is briefly reviewed with reference to its impact on human health, insect vectors, research funding and highlights of recent research.

O'Rourke, K.; Altman, D.G., 2005: Bayesian random effects meta-analysis of trials with binary outcomes: methods for the absolute risk difference and relative risk scales. In a recent Statistics in Medicine paper, Warn, Thompson and Spiegelhalter (WTS) made a comparison between the Bayesian approach to the meta-analysis of binary outcomes and a popular Classical approach that uses summary (two-stage) techniques. The...

Landis, W.G.; Markiewicz, A.J.; Ayre, K.K.; Johns, A.F.; Harris, M.J.; Stinson, J.M.; Summers, H.M., 2016: A general risk-based adaptive management scheme incorporating the Bayesian Network Relative Risk Model with the South River, Virginia, as case study. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">Adaptive management has been presented as a method for the remediation, restoration, and protection of ecological systems. Recent reviews have found that the implementation of adaptive management has been unsu...