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Benefit-risk assessment of the squeezed sap of the purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) for long-term oral immunostimulation

, : Benefit-risk assessment of the squeezed sap of the purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) for long-term oral immunostimulation. Phytomedicine 3(1): 95-102

A review is presented of the data on the safety of the squeezed sap of E. purpurea used as an oral immunostimulant.

Accession: 002763831

PMID: 23194871

DOI: 10.1016/S0944-7113(96)80020-1

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Related references

Cox, J., 1998: Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea). Organic gardening 45(5): 52

Boivin B., 1973: Purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea, in Ontario. Canadian Field Naturalist: 70

Kordana, S.; Kucharski, W.A.; Nowak, D.; Zaecki, R., 1998: Research on cultivation of purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench.). Studies conducted in Poland showed that: the best method of establishing a crop was by sowing (rather than by division or transplanting of seedlings), the highest crop yield was obtained with 100 kg N, 60 kg P2O5 and 100 kg K2O/ha, and the plants...

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Seidler ozykowska, K.; Dabrowska, J., 1996: Studies of the biology of flowering and fruiting of purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea Moech.). I. Studies were carried out during 1993-95 to determine the duration of flowering and fruiting, and the pollination biology of this species. Flowering was studied under both natural (open pollination) and artificial (self-pollination) conditions. Pur...

Zhao, F.-Cheng; Nilanthi, D.; Yang, Y.-Sheng; Wu, H., 2006: Anther culture and haploid plant regeneration in purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea L.). Anthers containing microspores at the uninucleate stage were excised from capitula of field grown plants of purple coneflower, Echinacea purpurea, and cultured on medium conducive to callus growth. In callus induction cultures, N6 basal medium was...

Seidler ozykowska, K.; Kazmierczak, K., 2004: Breeding program on purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea Moench.). III. The comparative experiment. Six newly bred strains of E. purpurea (1, 4, 5, 8, 9 and 10) were evaluated during 2000-02. The best strain was strain 4, with average height, reasonable herb yield, good seed yield and high content of polyphenolic and chicoric acids. This strain...