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Characterization of Listeria monocytogenes isolates by esterase electrophoresis

Characterization of Listeria monocytogenes isolates by esterase electrophoresis

Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62(4): 1461-1466

Multiple bands of alpha-naphthyl-propionyl esterase (alpha-NPE) activity observed following starch gel electrophoresis of cell extracts allowed 219 Listeria monocytogenes isolates from milk, nondairy foods, and clinical and veterinary sources to be assigned to 17 different alpha-NPE types. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MEE) analysis was used to obtain electrophoretic mobility data for alpha-NPEs and nine other metabolic enzymes; on the basis of these data, the 219 strains were assigned to 59 electrophoretic types. Each of the methods separated the strains into two main groups, and there was extensive agreement on assignment of the strains to the groups. Although the method is less discriminatory than MEE, the usefulness of alpha-NPE electrophoresis alone as a rapid, simple typing method for L. monocytogenes for certain purposes is indicated by agreement among alpha-NPE, MEE, and restriction fragment length polymorphism types as molecular markers for persistent and transient L. monocytogenes strains found in sequential raw-milk and nondairy food samples obtained from different processors.

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Accession: 002775198

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PMID: 8919813

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