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Characterization of a meiotic crossover in maize identified by a restriction fragment length polymorphism-based method

Characterization of a meiotic crossover in maize identified by a restriction fragment length polymorphism-based method

Genetics 143(4): 1771-1783

Genetic map lengths do not correlate directly with genome size, suggesting that meiotic recombination is not uniform throughout the genome. Further, the abundance of repeated sequences in plant genomes requires that crossing over is restricted to particular genomic regions. We used a physical mapping approach to identify these regions without the bias introduced by phenotypic selection. This approach is based on the detection of nonparental polymorphisms formed by recombination between polymorphic alleles. In an F2 population of 48 maize plants, we identified a crossover at two of the seven restriction fragment length polymorphism loci tested. Characterization of one recombination event revealed that the crossover mapped within a 534-bp region of perfect homology between the parental alleles embedded in a 2773-bp unique sequence. No transcripts from this region could be detected. Sequences immediately surrounding the crossover site were not detectably methylated, except for an SstI site probably methylated via non-CpG or CpXpG cytosine methylation. Parental methylation patterns at this SstI site and at the flanking repetitive sequences were faithfully inherited by the recombinant allele. Our observations suggest that meiotic recombination in maize occurs between perfectly homologous sequences, within unmethylated, nonrepetitive regions of the genome.

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Accession: 002775359

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PMID: 8844163

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