+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Characterization of anatomic communications among the antebrachiocarpal, middle carpal, and carpometacarpal joints in cattle, using intra-articular latex, positive-contrast arthrography, and fluoroscopy



Characterization of anatomic communications among the antebrachiocarpal, middle carpal, and carpometacarpal joints in cattle, using intra-articular latex, positive-contrast arthrography, and fluoroscopy



American Journal of Veterinary Research 58(1): 7-10



Objective: To evaluate the frequency and sites of communication among the antebrachiocarpal, middle carpal, and carpometacarpal joints in cattle. Animals: 137 limbs were obtained from 72 fresh bovine cadavers submitted for necropsy because of problems unrelated to the carpus. Procedure: 1 of the 3 injection sites was randomly assigned to both carpi of each ox, and a mixture of latex and barium sulfate was injected into the joint. Communication between 2 or more joints was determined by the presence of latex and contrast material in a joint adjacent to the injected joint by examination of frozen sections, positive-contrast arthrography, and fluoroscopy. Results: Communication existed among the 3 joints in 18 specimens (13.1%). The middle carpal joint and the carpometacarpal joint always communicated. The antebrachiocarpal joint communicated with the middle carpal joint between the ulnar and intermediate carpal bones. The middle carpal and carpometacarpal joints always communicated between the fourth and fused second and third carpal bones. In a few specimens, additional sites of communication were identified at the palmar aspect of the fourth carpal bone and the fused second and third carpel bones. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: Individual anatomic variation of the carpus in cattle should be considered when diagnostic or treatment protocols are established.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 002775487

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8989488


Related references

Characterization of anatomic communications between the femoropatellar joint and lateral and medial femorotibial joints in cattle, using intra-articular latex, positive arthrography, and fluoroscopy. American Journal of Veterinary Research 57(6): 798-802, 1996

Characterization of anatomic communications of the fetlock in cattle, using intra-articular latex injection and positive-contrast arthrography. American Journal of Veterinary Research 58(7): 710-712, 1997

Dorsal Arthroscopic Approach and Intra-Articular Anatomy of the Bovine Antebrachiocarpal and Middle Carpal Joints. Veterinary Surgery 45(5): 609-618, 2016

Communications and boundaries of the middle carpal and carpometacarpal joints in horses. American Journal of Veterinary Research 49(12): 2161-2164, 1988

Ultrasound guidance to perform intra-articular injection of gadolinium-based contrast material for magnetic resonance arthrography as an alternative to fluoroscopy: the time is now. European Radiology 26(5): 1221-1225, 2016

Evaluation of needle positioning during blind intra-articular hip injections for osteoarthritis: fluoroscopy versus arthrography. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 90(12): 2112-2115, 2009

A comparison of two contrast agents, Omnipaque and Hexabrix, for positive-contrast arthrography of the scapulo-humeral and knee joints in dogs. Folia Veterinaria 46(1): 15-19, 2002

Positive contrast arthrography of the normal mid-tarsal joints. Australasian Radiology 13(4): 365-367, 1969

Palmar arthroscopic approach and intra-articular anatomy of the bovine carpal joints. Veterinary Surgery 48(4): 537-545, 2019

Positive contrast arthrography a study of the humeral joints in normal beagle dogs. Veterinary Radiology 29(4): 157-161, 1988

A comparative study to evaluate the role of intra-articular adrenaline in double-contrast knee arthrography. Clinical Radiology 40(6): 598-601, 1989

Contrast media in MR arthrography of the glenohumeral joint: intra-articular gadopentetate vs saline: preliminary results. European Radiology 7(4): 498-502, 1997

Computed tomography following double contrast arthrography and pneumoarthrography in detection of intra articular calcified bodies. Radiology 153(SPEC ED): 340-341, 1984

Comparison of magnetic resonance contrast arthrography and arthroscopic anatomy of the equine palmar lateral outpouching of the middle carpal joint. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 48(6): 493-500, 2007

Ulceric lesions of articular cartilages distal to carpal and tarsal joints in Japanese black beef cattle. Nihon Juigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Science 46(4): 571-576, 1984