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Characterization of chloroplast division using the Arabidopsis mutant arc5



Characterization of chloroplast division using the Arabidopsis mutant arc5



Plant Physiology 112(1): 149-159



Arc5 is a chloroplast division mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana. To identify the role of ARC5 in the chloroplast replication process we have followed the changes in arc5 chloroplasts during their perturbed division. ARC5 does not affect proplastid division but functions at a later stage in chloroplast development. Chloroplasts in developing mesophyll cells of arc5 leaves do not increase in number and all of the chloroplasts in mature leaf cells show a central constriction. Young arc5 chloroplasts are capable of initiating the division process but fail to complete daughter-plastic separation. Wild-type plastics increase in number to a mean of 121 after completing the division process, but in the mutant arc5 the approximately 13 plastics per cell are still centrally constricted but much enlarged. As the arc5 chloroplasts expand and elongate without dividing, the internal thylakoid membrane structure becomes flexed into an undulating ribbon. We conclude that the ARC5 gene is necessary for the completion of the last stage of chloroplast division when the narrow isthmus breaks, causing the separation of the daughter plastics.

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Accession: 002775566

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 8819323

DOI: 10.1104/pp.112.1.149


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