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Characterization of spelt (Triticum spelta L.) forms by gel electrophoretic analyses of seed storage proteins. I. The gliadins



Characterization of spelt (Triticum spelta L.) forms by gel electrophoretic analyses of seed storage proteins. I. The gliadins



Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 94(1): 52-60



A comparison betweeen the electropherograms of the spelt and wheat cultivars showed specific differences in the gliadin band patterns which provided the possibility of a clear classification into spelt or wheat. A special nomenclature was developed to be able to improve the presentation of the gliadin band pattern of spelt, which is different from that of wheat. This nomenclature, however, has not yet been applied to other cereals. The gliadin band patterns were presented in a schematic form. As a parameter for comparison, idealized band patterns of both wheat and spelt were developed by comparing the proportions of the bands of all available types. When comparing the gliadin band patterns of the spelt cross-breeds with their corresponding parental generations, it was noted that the same parental bands were not always transmitted and that the cross-breeds showed differences in the intensity, mobility, occurrence, and the splitting of single bands. In general it can be said that the band pattern of the daughter generation - even in the examined F(5) and F(6) generations - is more similar to the band pattern of the mother than to that of the father, which proves a maternal effect.

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Accession: 002775967

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 19352745

DOI: 10.1007/s001220050381


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