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Construction of an 800-kb contig in the near-centromeric region of the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta2 using a highly representative rice BAC library



Construction of an 800-kb contig in the near-centromeric region of the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta2 using a highly representative rice BAC library



Molecular & General Genetics 254(6): 611-620



We constructed a rice Bacterial Artificial Chromosome (BAC) library from green leaf protoplasts of the cultivar Shimokita harboring the rice blast resistance gene Pi-ta. The average insert size of 155 kb and the library size of seven genome equivalents make it one of the most comprehensive BAC libraries available, and larger than many plant YAC libraries. The library clones were plated on seven high density membranes of microplate size, enabling efficient colony identification in colony hybridization experiments. Seven percent of clones carried chloroplast DNA. By probing with markers close to the blast resistance genes Pi-ta2 (closely linked to Pi-ta) and Pi-b, respectively located in the centromeric region of chromosome 12 and near the telomeric end of chromosome 2, on average 2.2 +/- 1.3 and 8.0 +/- 2.6 BAC clones/marker were isolated. Differences in chromosomal structures may contribute to this wide variation in yield. A contig of about 800 kb, consisting of 19 clones, was constructed in the Pi-ta2 region. This region had a high frequency of repetitive sequences. This region had a high frequency of repetitive sequences. To circumvent this difficulty, we devised a "two-step walking" method. The contig spanned a 300 kb region between markers located at 0 cM and 0.3 cM from Pi-ta2. The ratio of physical to genetic distances (> 1,000 kb/cM) was more than three times larger than the average of rice (300 kb/cM). The low recombination rate and high frequency of repetitive sequences may also be related to the near centromeric character of this region. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with a BAC clone from the Pi-b region yielded very clear signals on the long arm of chromosome 2, while a clone from the Pi-ta2 region showed various cross-hybridizing signals near the centromeric regions of all chromosomes.

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Accession: 002787398

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PMID: 9202377


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