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Dietary intakes and anthropometric data for poor elderly Nairobi women



Dietary intakes and anthropometric data for poor elderly Nairobi women



Ecology of food and nutrition 5(2): 121-133



Nutritional and anthropometric data were obtained for two groups of elderly women ( x = 64, range 57-74 y) randomly selected from two different Nairobi low income areas. The very low (VL) income group, 113 women from the Kawangare/Kibagare slums had an income of less than or equal to $250Cd/mo,compared to less then or equal to $250Cd/mo for the low (L) income group, 88 women from Waithaka/Dagoreti estates. Dietary intakes were assessed quantitatively by four 24-hr dietary recalls; anthropometric data were collected. Mean energy intake of group VL (1449 kcal) was lower (p less than or equal to 0.001) than that of group L (1712 kcal). Mean protein intake of group VL (41 g) was lower (p less then or equal to 0.05) than that of group L (52 g). For group VL, weight, body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness and arm muscle circumference were lower (p less than or equal to 0.001) than for group L. For group VL, nutrient density (intake/1000 kcal) for protein was low (29.2 g) and differed significantly (p less than or equal to 0.05) from that of group L (30.6 g). The following mean nutrient densities were significantly lower for group VL than group L: vitamin B12 (p less than or equal to 0.001), zinc (p less than or equal to 0.05), calcium (p less than or equal to 0.001), and riboflavin (p less than or equal to 0.001). The dietary pattern of the slum dwellers adversely affected nutritional status. Findings indicate a significant health problem: quantity and quality of food available for elderly low income Nairobi women is severely limited with rapid urbanization.

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Accession: 002801573

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DOI: 10.1080/03670244.1996.9991482


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