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Differential effects of insulin-like growth factor-I and follicle-stimulating hormone on proliferation and differentiation of bovine cumulus cells and granulosa cells



Differential effects of insulin-like growth factor-I and follicle-stimulating hormone on proliferation and differentiation of bovine cumulus cells and granulosa cells



Biology of Reproduction 54(2): 331-338



Effects of gonadotropins and peptide growth factors on 3H-thymidine incorporation, as an indicator of proliferation of granulosa cells and cumulus cells from bovine ovarian follicles during in vitro culture, were determined. Incorporation of 3H-thymidine in cumulus cells during 24-h culture in protein-free medium was about 100-fold greater than in granulosa cells from small follicles. Small but significant (p < 0.05) increases in incorporation of 3H-thymidine in cumulus cells (2.5-fold), but not in granulosa cells, resulted from addition of FSH, LH, or epidermal growth factor to culture media. Much larger, highly significant (p < 0.01) increases in 3H-thymidine incorporation resulted from exposure of both cumulus cells (18-fold) and granulosa cells (6-fold) to insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Addition of IGF-I together with FSH resulted in additive increases in 3H-thymidine incorporation in granulosa cells over a wide range of each agonist. In contrast, addition of FSH markedly decreased the stimulatory effect of a maximally effective concentration of IGF-I on incorporation in cumulus cells. Addition of estradiol, either alone or with IGF-I, had no consistent effect on 3H-thymidine incorporation in either cumulus cells or granulosa cells. Differentiated functions of cumulus and granulosa cells, including cumulus expansion (an indicator of hyaluronic acid secretion) and progesterone secretion, were investigated under the same culture conditions. FSH was highly effective in stimulation of cumulus cell expansion, with maximal expansion occurring at the lowest concentration tested (0.04 micrograms/ml). LH was effective only at considerably higher concentrations consistent with degree of contamination with FSH. IGF-I was ineffective in inducing cumulus expansion, either alone or together with FSH. FSH and IGF-I by themselves each stimulated progesterone secretion by both cumulus and granulosa cells, with further additive stimulatory effects by the two agents in combination. On a per cell basis, cumulus cells produced considerably more progesterone than granulosa cells under both basal and hormone-stimulated conditions. The results suggest that IGF-I has a dual role in follicle regulation--that it acts additively with FSH as an autocrine regulator of granulosa cell growth and, in the absence of FSH, as a paracrine regulator of cumulus cell proliferation in small antral follicles. The effect of FSH, by inducing cumulus expansion, may terminate further cumulus cell proliferation before ovulation.

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Accession: 002802305

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PMID: 8788183


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