Distribution of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and non-ortho coplanar polychlorinated biphenyls in river and offshore sediments
Ohsaki, Y.; Matsueda, T.; Kurokawa, Y.
Environmental Pollution 96(1): 79-88
ISSN/ISBN: 0269-7491 PMID: 15093435 DOI: 10.1016/s0269-7491(97)00002-x
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and non-ortho chlorine substituted coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl (Co-PCBs, non-ortho Cl CBs) in river and offshore sediment samples were analyzed isomer-specifically using 13C-labeled their respective internal standards and a selected ion monitoring method of high resolution gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). These compounds were found in all samples analyzed. The average concentrations of the total PCDDs, PCDFs and Co-PCBs in the 23 sediment samples taken from rivers were 11000, 1300 and 160 pgg-1 of dry wt, respectively, those in six offshore sediments were 7600, 980 and 52 pgg-1, respectively. The concentrations of Co-PCBs were much lower than those of PCDDs and PCDFs in all sediment samples. The magnitude of these concentrations was in the order of lower reach of river gt offshore area gt upper reach of river. The concentrations of PCDDs and PCDFs in the rural river were higher than those in the urban river, whereas the Co-PCB concentration in an urban river was six times higher than that in a rural river. The Co-PCB concentrations in the urban area and industrial area were higher than that in any other area. These findings suggest that the pollution by PCDDs and PCDFs was derived from some kinds of incinerations and herbicides applied in the past and that Co-PCB pollution was caused by PCB preparation used in the past in urban and industrial areas and by municipal waste incineration in urban areas.