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Estimation of effects of quantitative trait loci in large complex pedigrees






Genetics 146(1): 409-416

Estimation of effects of quantitative trait loci in large complex pedigrees

A method was derived to estimate effects of quantitative trait loci (QTL) using incomplete genotype information in large outbreeding populations with complex pedigrees. The method accounts for background genes by estimating polygenic effects. The basic equations used are very similar to the usual linear mixed model equations for polygenic models, and segregation analysis was used to estimate the probabilities of the QTL genotypes for each animal. Method R was used to estimate the polygenic heritability simultaneously with the QTL effects. Also, initial allele frequencies were estimated. The method was tested in a simulated data set of 10,000 animals evenly distributed over 10 generations, where 0, 400 or 10,000 animals were genotyped for a candidate gene. In the absence of selection, the bias of the QTL estimates was < 2%. Selection biased the estimate of the Aa genotype slightly, when zero animals were genotyped. Estimates of the polygenic heritability were 0.251 and 0.257, in absence and presence of selection, respectively, while the simulated value was 0.25. Although not tested in this study, marker information could be accommodated by adjusting the transmission probabilities of the genotypes from parent to offspring according to the marker information. This renders a QTL mapping study in large multi-generation pedigrees possible.


Accession: 002831669

PMID: 9136029



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