Fermentation of xylose and rice straw hydrolysate to ethanol by Candida shehatae NCL-3501
Abbi, M.; Kuhad, R.C.; Singh, A.
Journal of Industrial Microbiology 17(1): 20-23
ISSN/ISBN: 0169-4146 PMID: 8987687 Accession: 002841149
Candida shehatae NCL-3501 utilized glucose and xylose efficiently in batch cultures. The specific rate of ethanol production was higher with mixtures of glucose and xylose (0.64-0.83 g g-1 cells d-1) compared to that with individual sugars (0.38-0.58 g g-1 cells d-1). Although the optimum temperature for growth was 30 degree C, this strain grew and produced appreciable levels of ethanol at 45 degree C. A stable ethanol yield (0.40-0.43 g g-1 substrate utilized) was obtained between 10 g L-1 and 80 g L-1 of initial xylose concentration. Conversion efficiency was further improved by immobilization of the cells in calcium alginate beads. Free or immobilized cells of C. shehatae NCL-3501 efficiently utilized sugars present in rice straw hemicellulose hydrolysate, prepared by two different methods, within 48 h. Ethanol yields of 0.45 g g-1 and 0.5 g g-1 from autohydrolysate, and 0.37 g g-1 from acid hydrolysate were produced by free and immobilized cells, respectively.