+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Frequency and degree of milk removal and the short-term control of human milk synthesis

Experimental Physiology 81(5): 861-875
Frequency and degree of milk removal and the short-term control of human milk synthesis
The effect of the temporal spacing and degree of milk removal by either expression or breastfeed on short-term (hour to hour) rates of milk synthesis was investigated. For four expressing mothers (three of whom had given birth prematurely), the relationship between milk produced at an expression and the time since the last expression showed that proportionally less milk is produced after intervals of 6-18 h than after intervals of less than 6 h (P < 0.0002). For five breastfeeding and four expressing mothers (three of whom had given birth prematurely), rates of milk synthesis (ranging from 0 to 56 ml/h) were linear between breastfeeds and expressions (intervals ranging from < 1 h to 6 h). Changes in rate of milk synthesis were not directly associated with the frequency of breastfeeds but rather with the degree of emptying of the breast (P < 0.05). These results indicate the importance of degree, rather than frequency, of breast emptying in the short-term control of human milk synthesis.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 002846603

PMID: 8889483

DOI: 10.1113/expphysiol.1996.sp003982

Related references

Infant demand and milk supply. Part 2: The short-term control of milk synthesis in lactating women. Journal of Human Lactation 11(1): 27-37, 1995

Short-term effects of milking frequency on milk yield, milk composition, somatic cell count and milk protein profile in dairy goats. Journal of Dairy Research 81(3): 275-279, 2015

The short-term synthesis and infant-regulated removal of milk in lactating women. Experimental Physiology 78(2): 209-220, 1993

Short-term oxytocin treatment increases bovine milk yield by enhancing milk removal without any direct action on mammary metabolism. Journal of Endocrinology 142(3): 471-473, 1994

Short communication: Effect of antioxidant supplementation on milk production, milk fat synthesis, and milk fatty acids in dairy cows when fed a diet designed to cause milk fat depression. Journal of Dairy Science 97(2): 1077-1081, 2015

The effect of goat milk fractions on synthesis of milk constituents by rabbit mammary explants and on milk yield in vivo. Evidence for autocrine control of milk secretion. Biochemical Journal 242(1): 285-288, 1987

Short-term outlook for milk and milk products from an FAO perspective. (Group C2 - medium-term perspectives). Bulletin of the International Dairy Federation ( 309): 4-6, 1996

A new soya milk as food for premature and term infants. Comparison with human milk and adapted cow's milk. Schweiz. med. Wochenschr, 96: 762-768, 1966

Characteristic chromatographic fingerprint study of short-chain fatty acids in human milk, infant formula, pure milk and fermented milk by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 67(6): 632-640, 2016

Human milk fat globule glycoproteins Their association with lipid micelles in skim milk and survival in the stomach of milk-fed pre-term infants. Pediatric Research 41(4 PART 2): 87A, 1997