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Identification of thrombospondin as a high molecular mass protein released from activated equine platelets

American Journal of Veterinary Research 58(9): 954-960

Identification of thrombospondin as a high molecular mass protein released from activated equine platelets

Objective-To establish the existence of platelet-derived proteins in equine plasma, with the future goal of developing an assay for the detection of in vivo platelet activation. Animals-5 mature healthy horses. Procedure-Platelet-rich plasma and platelet-poor plasma were prepared from anticoagulated blood. Platelets were separated from plasma proteins by gel filtration, then activated with 0.5 mu-M platelet-activating factor. Protease inhibitors were added, and the released platelet proteins were harvested. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was performed on the released platelet proteins and platelet-poor plasma, and the resultant silver-stained bands were compared. Immunoblot analysis was performed on released platelet proteins, using an antibody to human thrombospondin; human platelet-derived proteins served as the positive control for the antibody. Results-Released platelet proteins in the presence of beta-mercaptoethanol (reduced samples) contained several proteins that were not observed in plasma including (mean +- SEM) 194 +- 2, 159 +- 2, 151 +- 2, 104 +- 2, and 95 +- 1 kd. Immunoblots of released platelet proteins had a prominent 180 +- 2-kd protein in reduced samples that was recognized by an antibody to human thrombospondin, and with prolonged color development, 2 additional less prominent proteins (166 +- 1 and 155 +- 1 kd) were observed. Conclusions-Several proteins are released from activated equine platelets that are not detectable in normal equine plasma. Thrombospondin is one of the high molecular mass proteins released by activated equine platelets. Clinical Relevance-An assay can be developed for detection of thrombospondin in equine plasma and may be useful for detection of in vivo platelet activation in horses.

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Accession: 002863933

PMID: 9284998

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