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Influence of duodenal slaframine infusion on site of nutrient disappearance from the digestive tract of steers fed a high-concentrate diet



Influence of duodenal slaframine infusion on site of nutrient disappearance from the digestive tract of steers fed a high-concentrate diet



Journal of Animal Science 73(10): 3103-3110



The effect of duodenal slaframine (SF) infusion on site and extent of digestion was determined using four steers equipped with ruminal, duodenal, and ileal cannulas in a 4 x 4 Latin square. A 77% dry-rolled corn diet was provided in 12 equal portions daily at a DMI of 2.26% BW. Slaframine in a .9% saline excipient was infused into the duodenum every 12 h with total daily dose of 0, 30, 60, or 90 micrograms /kg of BW. Slaframine infusion had no effect on ruminal pH, ruminal NH3 N, or solids and liquids passage rate. Slaframine increased (linear, P < .10) total tract OM and starch disappearance and digestibility and tended to increase (linear, P = .14) total tract N digestibility. Ruminal starch disappearance tended to be decreased (quadratic, P = .16) by SF. Small intestinal OM digestibility was increased (linear, P < .10) but starch digestibility in the small intestine was not affected by SF. Increased total tract starch digestibility was caused by increased (quadratic, P < .10) starch fermentation in the large intestine. Ruminal feed N digestibility decreased at the intermediate doses of SF (quadratic, P < .10). Total N digestibility in the small intestine tended to be increased (cubic, P = .13) with 30 and 90 micrograms of SF/kg of BW. Decreased ruminal feed N digestion was compensated for by increased (quadratic, P < .10) small intestinal feed N disappearance for steers treated with intermediate doses of SF. The potential of SF to increase starch digestion in the rumen and small intestine seems to be limited.

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Accession: 002871368

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PMID: 8617683



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